Aesthetic Plastic Surgery

, Volume 42, Issue 2, pp 603–609 | Cite as

Drivers of Hospital Costs in the Self-Pay Facelift (Rhytidectomy) Patient: Analysis of Hospital Resource Utilization in 1890 Patients

  • Anmol Chattha
  • Alexandra Bucknor
  • David Chi
  • Klaas Ultee
  • Austin D. Chen
  • Samuel J. Lin
Original Article Special Topics



Rhytidectomy is one of the most commonly performed cosmetic procedures by plastic surgeons. Increasing attention to the development of a high-value, low-cost healthcare system is a priority in the USA. This study aims to analyze specific patient and hospital factors affecting the cost of this procedure.


We conducted a retrospective cohort study of self-pay patients over the age of 18 who underwent rhytidectomy using the Healthcare Utilization Cost Project National Inpatient Sample database between 2013 and 2014. Mean marginal cost increases patient characteristics, and outcomes were studied. Generalized linear modeling with gamma regression and a log-link function were performed along with estimated marginal means to provide cost estimates.


A total of 1890 self-pay patients underwent rhytidectomy. Median cost was $11,767 with an interquartile range of $8907 [$6976–$15,883]. The largest marginal cost increases were associated with postoperative hematoma ($12,651; CI $8181–$17,120), West coast region ($7539; 95% CI $6412–$8666), and combined rhinoplasty ($7824; 95% CI $3808–$11,840). The two risk factors associated with the generation of highest marginal inpatient costs were smoking ($4147; 95% CI $2804–$5490) and diabetes mellitus ($5622; 95% CI $3233–8011). High-volume hospitals had a decreased cost of − $1331 (95% CI − $2032 to − $631).


Cost variation for inpatient rhytidectomy procedures is dependent on preoperative risk factors (diabetes and smoking), postoperative complications (hematoma), and regional trends (West region). Rhytidectomy surgery is highly centralized and increasing hospital volume significantly decreases costs. Clinicians and hospitals can use this information to discuss the drivers of cost in patients undergoing rhytidectomy.

Level of Evidence V

This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to Authors


Rhytidectomy Cost-analysis National inpatient sample Aesthetic surgery 

Supplementary material

266_2017_984_MOESM1_ESM.docx (13 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 13 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC and International Society of Aesthetic Plastic Surgery 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical CenterHarvard Medical SchoolBostonUSA
  2. 2.Erasmus University RotterdamRotterdamThe Netherlands

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