Aesthetic Plastic Surgery

, Volume 40, Issue 5, pp 733–738 | Cite as

The “Superior Ledge”: a Modification of the Standard Superomedial Pedicle Reduction Mammoplasty to Accentuate Nipple-Areola Complex Projection

  • Peter W. Henderson
  • Michelle M. Chang
  • Erin M. Taylor
  • Ross Weinreb
  • Christine H. RohdeEmail author
Original Article Breast



The superomedial pedicle parenchymal excision pattern for reduction mammaplasty has the benefits of a reproducible breast shape and improved superomedial fullness, but is limited by a susceptibility to nipple retraction. The senior author of this paper has formalized the “superior ledge” modification of the superomedial pedicle technique (SL-SMP) to address these limitations.


To describe the technical details of the SL-SMP breast reduction technique and to analyze patient outcomes.


The technique involves only partial-thickness parenchymal excision superolateral to the pedicle, thereby leaving a “superior ledge” of parenchyma on top of which the nipple-areola complex (NAC) rests in a tension-free manner. Postoperative photographs were recorded; and patient demographics, intraoperative details, complications, and outcomes were recorded and analyzed.


One hundred seven patients underwent SL-SMP reduction mammaplasty between 2007 and 2013. Complications included wound-healing complications (9.3 %), infection (2.8 %), seroma (1.9 %), and hematoma (1.9 %). Mean follow-up was 44.6 months (Range: 17–72), and during that period no incidence of clinically relevant NAC retraction was noted by either the patient or surgical team.


Maintenance of a distinct superior ledge underlying the final position of the NAC is an important modification to stress, to prevent nipple retraction. Importantly, the height of the ledge can be personalized for each patient. We feel it is a valuable addition to the plastic surgeon’s armamentarium to optimize outcomes for patients seeking relief from excessive breast tissue.

Level of Evidence V

This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to Authors


Macromastia Breast reduction Mastopexy Superomedial pedicle 




Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest to disclose.

Supplementary material

Supplementary material 1 (MOV 283024 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York and International Society of Aesthetic Plastic Surgery 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Peter W. Henderson
    • 1
  • Michelle M. Chang
    • 1
  • Erin M. Taylor
    • 1
  • Ross Weinreb
    • 1
  • Christine H. Rohde
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Department of SurgeryColumbia University Medical CenterNew YorkUSA

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