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Double Lateral Flap: A New Technique for Lower Eyelid Reconstruction Alternative to the Tenzel Procedure

Abstract

Background

The final esthetic result is a common concern of patients with eyelid tumors, especially young patients and those with tumors affecting the medial edge of the lower eyelid.

Methods

The procedure herein described combines two lateral flaps: one tarsoconjunctival and the other from the periosteum. The first step is removal of the tumor lesion. Preseptal dissection is then performed through a subciliary incision on both the lateral and medial halves of the eyelid up to the orbital rim. Next, the lateral canthal tendon, lateral attachment of the orbital septum, capsulopalpebral fascia, and conjunctiva are cut. This allows the medial displacement of the tarsoconjunctival flap, which is sutured to the defect area. The second flap, a periosteal strip, is used to reconstruct the tarsus and lateral canthal tendon, providing firm support for the posterior lamella. The orbicularis muscle is anchored to the orbital rim, and the skin of the lower eyelid is directly sutured to the subciliary incision and periosteal strip.

Results

The author successfully carried out this procedure on nine patients. None of the patients developed ocular irritation or postoperative epiphora.

Conclusions

The defects that can be repaired by this technique are equivalent in size to those repaired by the Tenzel procedure. Unlike the semicircular flap procedure, this technique allows eyelid reconstruction with no vertical scarring and a smaller lateral incision, and it ensures soft contact between the palpebral rim and surface of the eyeball. This procedure confers an attractive eyelid appearance that may be crucial for some patients.

Level of Evidence V

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Author information

Correspondence to J. Álvaro Toribio.

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Conflict of interest

The author declares that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

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Toribio, J.Á. Double Lateral Flap: A New Technique for Lower Eyelid Reconstruction Alternative to the Tenzel Procedure. Aesth Plast Surg 39, 935–941 (2015). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00266-015-0576-7

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Keywords

  • Lower eyelid defect
  • Eyelid tumors
  • Tarsoconjunctival flap
  • Periosteal strip
  • Semicircular flap procedure