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Aesthetic Plastic Surgery

, Volume 39, Issue 6, pp 833–846 | Cite as

The Safety and Efficacy of Cell-Assisted Fat Grafting to Traditional Fat Grafting in the Anterior Mid-Face: An Indirect Assessment by 3D Imaging

  • Gordon H. Sasaki
Original Article Craniofacial/Maxillofacial

Abstract

Background

Numerous methodologies and algorithms have been suggested to enhance fat graft survival, including the usage of stromal vascular fraction (SVF) and platelet-rich plasma (PRP), but no long-term studies are available.

Objectives

This single-center prospective, case-controlled study investigated the safety and efficacy of combining a modified Baker-designed lateral SMASectomy or plication face lift with simultaneous anterior mid-face grafting into site-specific compartments by (1) conventional Coleman’s technique or (2) Yoshimura’s cell-assisted lipografting technique.

Methods

On the voluntary principle, candidates selected one of four techniques for volumization of their mid-face: conventional fat grafting; PRP-assisted fat grafting; SVF-assisted fat grafting; and PRP/SVF- assisted fat grafting. For comparison data, comparable fat volumes, SVF volumes and nucleated cells, and PRP volumes and platelet concentrations were injected into each designated group. Indirect volume retentions were determined by standardized Vectra 3D analyses up to 1 year.

Results

PRP, SVF, and PRP/SVF cell supplementation of processed fat resulted in statistically significant percent mean graft retention over their baseline control at 12 months (p < 0.01). The use of either PRP or SVF alone resulted in almost equal outcomes. Combining cell populations provided no additional advantage over single cellular therapy. Complications were negligible.

Conclusions

Autologous fat grafting continues to be a viable adjunct in facial aesthetic surgery. With refinements in the entire grafting process and the potential benefits of autologous cell approaches with SVF and PRP, future evidence-based controlled studies under regulatory approval may improve graft survival in a safe and effective manner.

Level of Evidence III

This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to Authors www.springer.com/00266.

Keywords

Autologous fat transfer Stromal vascular fraction Adipose-derived stem cells Platelet-rich plasma 

Notes

Acknowledgment

The author thanks LVN Brigette Ibarra and RN Cathy Miller, for technical assistance in SVF/ PRP isolation and cell counting procedures, CST Chelsea Knutson and CST Sharon Cuellar for surgical assistance, and Margaret Gaston for creating the art work and providing the statistical and photographic assistance. The author is an unpaid consultant to Harvest Technologies Corp. and MicroAire Surgical Instruments and declares no conflicts of interests with respect to the authorship and publication of this article. The author has neither financial nor investigational interests with Cytori Therapeutics, Inc. The author received no financial or equipment support from any of the device companies in this study. No financial support was provided for the writing of the article.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York and International Society of Aesthetic Plastic Surgery 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Private Practice Pasadena CaliforniaPasadenaUSA

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