Aesthetic Plastic Surgery

, Volume 38, Issue 6, pp 1090–1093 | Cite as

Personality Characteristics of Patients Seeking Cosmetic Rhinoplasty

  • Ramin ZojajiEmail author
  • Hamid Reza Arshadi
  • Mozhdeh Keshavarz
  • Morteza Mazloum Farsibaf
  • Fatemeh Golzari
  • Mostafa Khorashadizadeh
Original Article Aesthetic



Rhinoplasty is one of the most common cosmetic surgeries performed on the face. Cosmetic surgery is performed not only to change the appearance, level of satisfaction, and self-confidence of the patient, it may also reflect specific personality patterns. The goal of this study was to investigate the personality characteristics of individuals seeking cosmetic rhinoplasty.


Thirty patients referred for rhinoplasty and 30 healthy age- and gender-matched controls were enrolled in this case–control study. All participants filled out the Millon Clinical Multiaxial Inventory 3rd edition and the data were analyzed using ANOVA and Fisher’s exact test.


Twenty-four (80 %) females and 6 (20 %) males were evaluated. Dependent, histrionic, and narcissistic personality disorders were seen in 2, 3, and 8 patients in the case group, respectively. The number of individuals with narcissistic personality traits was significantly higher in the case group than in the control group (p < 0.001).


Narcissism is the most common psychological trait that motivates patients to seek a rhinoplasty. Personality disorders are not very common among individuals seeking rhinoplasty in Iran.

Level of Evidence IV

This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to Authors


Rhinoplasty MCMI-III (Millon) Personality profile 


Conflict of interest

The authors have no conflicts of interest to disclose.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York and International Society of Aesthetic Plastic Surgery 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ramin Zojaji
    • 1
    Email author
  • Hamid Reza Arshadi
    • 2
  • Mozhdeh Keshavarz
    • 3
  • Morteza Mazloum Farsibaf
    • 4
  • Fatemeh Golzari
    • 4
  • Mostafa Khorashadizadeh
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Faculty of MedicineIslamic Azad UniversityMashhadIran
  2. 2.Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of MedicineIslamic Azad UniversityMashhadIran
  3. 3.Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Hasheminezhad HospitalMashhadIran
  4. 4.Faculty of MedicineIslamic Azad UniversityMashhadIran

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