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Aesthetic Plastic Surgery

, Volume 38, Issue 5, pp 1041–1049 | Cite as

Platelet-Rich Plasma Mixed-Fat Grafting: A Reasonable Prosurvival Strategy for Fat GraftS?

  • José Maria Serra-MestreEmail author
  • José Maria Serra-Renom
  • Lourdes Martinez
  • Aurora Almadori
  • Francesco D’Andrea
Review Experimental/Special Topics

Abstract

Background

One of the most interesting developments in practical applications of fat grafting in recent years is the use of prosurvival strategies to improve maintenance of volume. Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) plays a decisive role in the repair and regeneration of different tissues via the activation and secretion of a great variety of growth factors and other cytokines stored in the alpha-granules of the platelets. This review aimed to assess the efficacy of PRP mixed-fat grafting as a prosurvival strategy for fat grafts.

Methods

Online searches of the Cochrane Library and MEDLINE until January 2014 were conducted. The review included studies with at least one clinical end point in which the effect of PRP on the absorption and viability of the fat graft could be assessed.

Results

The review comprised 6 preclinical studies with a control group and 9 clinical studies of humans. It also included comparative studies performed with other prosurvival strategies for fat grafts, such as combination with the stromal vascular fraction and second-generation PRP, also called “platelet-rich fibrin.” The results indicate that PRP may have a dose-dependent positive effect on fat grafts and suggest low complication rates.

Conclusions

The development of new growth factor delivery systems or cell therapies to enrich fat grafts is an area that merits further research.

No Level Assigned

This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each submission to which Evidence-Based Medicine rankings are applicable. This excludes Review Articles, Book Reviews, and manuscripts that concern Basic Science, Animal Studies, Cadaver Studies, and Experimental Studies. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to Authors www.springer.com/00266.

Keywords

Fat grafting Lipofilling Platelet-rich plasma Platelet-rich fibrin Stromal vascular fraction 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York and International Society of Aesthetic Plastic Surgery 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • José Maria Serra-Mestre
    • 1
    Email author
  • José Maria Serra-Renom
    • 2
  • Lourdes Martinez
    • 2
  • Aurora Almadori
    • 1
  • Francesco D’Andrea
    • 1
  1. 1.Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery DepartmentSecond University of NaplesNaplesItaly
  2. 2.Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery DepartmentQuirón Hospital, Universitat Internacional de CatalunyaBarcelonaSpain

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