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Aesthetic Plastic Surgery

, Volume 36, Issue 6, pp 1311–1319 | Cite as

A Study of Postural Changes After Breast Reduction

  • Marco MazzocchiEmail author
  • Luca Andrea Dessy
  • Silvia Di Ronza
  • Pierpaolo Iodice
  • Raoul Saggini
  • Nicolò Scuderi
Original Article Breast

Abstract

Background

Numerous factors such as the equilibrium of body masses and psychological status influence human posture. Breast reduction, on the one hand, produces a sudden change in this equilibrium, and on the other hand, it can modify the psychological status, significantly improving body image and self-esteem. This study aimed to assess postural changes after breast reduction by studying the position and orientation in space of the body and center of pressure.

Methods

The study enrolled 52 patients with breast hypertrophy scheduled to undergo breast reduction. Posture was evaluated before surgery and during the first year after surgery by quantifying the centers of mass using the Fastrak system and the center of pressure using stabilometry. The Wilcoxon signed-rank sum test was used to detect any changes.

Results

Retropositioning of the upper part of the body, confirmed by baropodometric analysis, was observed in the early postoperative period. The biomechanical system subsequently stabilized, reaching equilibrium 1 year after surgery.

Conclusions

The authors believe that postural changes after breast reduction are due to changes in body mass as well as to the effects of physical and psychological factors on posture. Indeed, breast hypertrophy often is associated with kyphosis as patients try to hide what they consider to be a source of embarrassment. A new breast eliminates previous dissatisfaction with body image, reduces anxiety, and increases self-esteem. Improvements in body image and reduced weight in the anterior part of the body help to correct this postural disorder.

Level of Evidence II

This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to Authors www.springer.com/00266.

Keywords

Breast reduction Human posture Fastrak system Stabilometry Centre of mass Centre of pressure 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC and International Society of Aesthetic Plastic Surgery 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marco Mazzocchi
    • 1
    Email author
  • Luca Andrea Dessy
    • 2
  • Silvia Di Ronza
    • 2
  • Pierpaolo Iodice
    • 3
  • Raoul Saggini
    • 3
  • Nicolò Scuderi
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Plastic SurgeryUniversity of PerugiaRomaItaly
  2. 2.Department of Plastic SurgerySapienza University of RomeRomeItaly
  3. 3.Department of Neuroscience and Imaging“G. d’Annunzio” University of ChietiChietiItaly

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