Aesthetic Plastic Surgery

, Volume 37, Issue 1, pp 77–87 | Cite as

Our Surgical Approach to Treatment of Congenital, Developmental, and Acquired Breast Asymmetries: A Review of 30 Cases

  • A. K. Yesilada
  • K. Z. Sevim
  • S. S. Sirvan
  • S. Karsidag
  • H. S. Tatlidede
Original Article Breast



Peer pressure and the modern definition of beauty have led people to strive for breast perfection. The aim of our study was to emphasize the importance and frequency of nonmastectomy-related breast asymmetry and explain our approach to such patients using a combination of techniques.


We retrospectively reviewed 30 patients with nonmastectomy breast asymmetry (i.e., patients with Poland’s syndrome, tumors, burns, and tuberous breasts) admitted to our clinic between 2001 and 2011. Patients were followed up for a mean of 25 months postoperatively (range 4–72 months). These patients completed a satisfaction questionnaire regarding scarring, size, symmetry, shape, and nipple-areola complex sensation.


Patient distribution and preferred treatment method according to etiology were screened. For mild Poland’s syndrome, breast implants with symmetrization procedures (when needed) were used. In two patients, however, fat grafting was sufficient to correct the deformity. For severe Poland’s syndrome, a tissue expander was first placed and wrapped by regional local flaps, such as the pedicled latissimus dorsi muscle flap, accompanied by fat grafting for infraclavicular depression and an absent anterior axillary fold. After adequate expansion of the skin and muscle flap, a silicone prosthesis replaced the tissue expanders.


Tissue expanders with or without muscle flaps along with fat grafting in multiple sessions are necessary steps in the treatment of breast asymmetry. Knowledge and application of multiple techniques in a step-by-step fashion helps the surgeon to achieve optimal functional and aesthetic results for each patient.

Level of Evidence IV

This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to Authors


Poland’s syndrome Nonmastectomy breast asymmetries Developmental anomalies Burn 



The authors have no conflicts of interest to disclose.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York and International Society of Aesthetic Plastic Surgery 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. K. Yesilada
    • 1
  • K. Z. Sevim
    • 1
  • S. S. Sirvan
    • 1
  • S. Karsidag
    • 1
  • H. S. Tatlidede
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Plastic and Reconstructive SurgerySisli Etfal Research and Training HospitalIstanbulTurkey

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