A Study of Postural Changes After Breast Augmentation
- 455 Downloads
A number of factors, including body mass and one’s mood, may influence posture. Breast augmentation results not only in a significant improvement in body image-related feelings and self-esteem but also in a sudden change in body mass. The aim of this study was to assess postural changes following breast augmentation by studying body position, orientation through space, and center of pressure.
Patients with breast hypoplasia who underwent breast augmentation were enrolled. Posture evaluation was performed before and 1, 4, and 12 months after surgery by quantifying the center of mass using the Fastrak™ system and the center of pressure using stabilometry. The Wilcoxon signed-rank sum test was used to compare value modifications.
Forty-eight patients were enrolled in the study. A retropositioning of the upper part of the body, confirmed by baropodometric analysis, was evident in the early postoperative period. We subsequently observed a reprogramming of the biomechanical system, which reached a state of equilibrium 1 year after surgery, with a slight retropositioning of the head and a compensatory anterior positioning of the pelvis.
We believe that with respect to posture, the role played by psychological aspects is even more important than that played by changes in body mass. Indeed, hypomastia is often associated with kyphosis because patients try to hide what they consider a deficiency. Following breast augmentation, the discovery of new breasts overcomes the dissatisfaction with the patient’s own body image, increases self-esteem, and modifies posture regardless of the changes in body mass due to the insertion of the implants.
KeywordsBreast augmentation Posture Fastrak™ Stabilometry Body image
None of the authors has a financial interest in any of the products, devices, or drugs described in this article.
- 11.Shik ML, Orlovsky GN (1976) Neurophysiology of locomotor automatism. Physiol Rev 56:456–501Google Scholar
- 19.Maffey-Ward L, Jull G, Wellington L (1996) Toward a clinical test of lumbar spine kinesthesia. J Orthopaed Sports Phys Ther 24:354–358Google Scholar
- 23.Oliveira LF, Simpson DM, Nadal J (1994) Autoregressive spectral analysis of stabilometric signals. In: Proceedings of the 16th annual international conference of IEEE engineering in medicine and biology, Baltimore, MD, November 3–6, 1994Google Scholar
- 26.French Association of Posturology (1985) Normes 85. Edité es par l’Association Francaise de Posturologie, ParisGoogle Scholar
- 27.Morrison DF (1978) Multivariate statistical methods, 2nd ed edn. McGraw-Hill, AucklandGoogle Scholar
- 28.Black FO, Shupert CL, Horak FB, Nashner LM (1983) Abnormal postural control associated with peripheral vestibular disorders. In: Pompeiano O, Allum JHJ (eds) Vestibulospinal Control of Posture and Locomotion. Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp 263–275Google Scholar
- 38.Gagey PM, Weber B (1999) Posturologie; Régulation et dérèglements de la station debout, 2nd ed edn. Masson, ParisGoogle Scholar