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Aesthetic Plastic Surgery

, Volume 36, Issue 3, pp 570–577 | Cite as

A Study of Postural Changes After Breast Augmentation

  • Marco MazzocchiEmail author
  • Luca Andrea Dessy
  • Pierpaolo Iodice
  • Raoul Saggini
  • Nicolò Scuderi
Original Article

Abstract

Background

A number of factors, including body mass and one’s mood, may influence posture. Breast augmentation results not only in a significant improvement in body image-related feelings and self-esteem but also in a sudden change in body mass. The aim of this study was to assess postural changes following breast augmentation by studying body position, orientation through space, and center of pressure.

Methods

Patients with breast hypoplasia who underwent breast augmentation were enrolled. Posture evaluation was performed before and 1, 4, and 12 months after surgery by quantifying the center of mass using the Fastrak system and the center of pressure using stabilometry. The Wilcoxon signed-rank sum test was used to compare value modifications.

Results

Forty-eight patients were enrolled in the study. A retropositioning of the upper part of the body, confirmed by baropodometric analysis, was evident in the early postoperative period. We subsequently observed a reprogramming of the biomechanical system, which reached a state of equilibrium 1 year after surgery, with a slight retropositioning of the head and a compensatory anterior positioning of the pelvis.

Conclusion

We believe that with respect to posture, the role played by psychological aspects is even more important than that played by changes in body mass. Indeed, hypomastia is often associated with kyphosis because patients try to hide what they consider a deficiency. Following breast augmentation, the discovery of new breasts overcomes the dissatisfaction with the patient’s own body image, increases self-esteem, and modifies posture regardless of the changes in body mass due to the insertion of the implants.

Keywords

Breast augmentation Posture Fastrak Stabilometry Body image 

Notes

Disclosure

None of the authors has a financial interest in any of the products, devices, or drugs described in this article.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC and International Society of Aesthetic Plastic Surgery 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marco Mazzocchi
    • 1
    • 4
    Email author
  • Luca Andrea Dessy
    • 2
  • Pierpaolo Iodice
    • 3
  • Raoul Saggini
    • 3
  • Nicolò Scuderi
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Plastic SurgeryUniversity of PerugiaPerugiaItaly
  2. 2.Department of Plastic Surgery“La Sapienza” University of RomeRomeItaly
  3. 3.Department of Neuroscience and Imaging“G. d’Annunzio” University of ChietiChietiItaly
  4. 4.RomeItaly

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