Aesthetic Plastic Surgery

, Volume 36, Issue 2, pp 458–463 | Cite as

Control of Postoperative Pain with a Wearable Continuously Operating Pulsed Radiofrequency Energy Device: A Preliminary Study

  • Ian M. RaweEmail author
  • Adam Lowenstein
  • C. Raul Barcelo
  • David G. Genecov
Original Article



Pulsed radiofrequency energy (PRFE) has long been reported to have a therapeutic effect on postoperative pain. In this study, a portable, wearable, low-energy-emitting PRFE therapy device was used to determine the control of postoperative pain after breast augmentation surgery.


The study enrolled 18 healthy women who underwent breast augmentation purely for aesthetic considerations. Postoperative pain after surgery was assessed with a 0- to 10-point visual analog scale (VAS). Baseline pain scores were taken at completion of the operation, and the patients were randomly assigned coded PRFE devices that were either active or placebo devices. For 7 days, VAS scores were recorded twice daily (a.m. and p.m.). Medication use also was logged for 7 days. The PRFE devices were left in place and in continuous operation for the 7 days of the study.


All the patients tolerated the PRFE therapy well, and no side effects were reported. The VAS scores for the active group were significantly lower on postoperative day 1. By day 7, the baseline VAS remaining in the active group was 7.9% versus 38% in the placebo group. Together with lower VAS scores, narcotic pain medication use was lower in the patient group that received PRFE therapy.


Postoperative pain is significantly lower with PRFE therapy. According to the findings, PRFE therapy in this form is an excellent, safe, drug-free method of postoperative pain control.


Pain Postoperative Pulsed radiofrequency 


Conflict of interest

David G. Genecov received honoraria from BioElectronics Corporation for the study. Ian M. Rawe is a paid consultant for BioElectronics Corporation.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC and International Society of Aesthetic Plastic Surgery 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ian M. Rawe
    • 1
    Email author
  • Adam Lowenstein
    • 2
  • C. Raul Barcelo
    • 3
  • David G. Genecov
    • 3
  1. 1.BioElectronics CorporationFrederickUSA
  2. 2.Montecito Center for Aesthetic Plastic SurgerySanta BarbaraUSA
  3. 3.Genecov Plastic Surgery GroupDallasUSA

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