A New Technique of Upper Eyelid Blepharoplasty Using the Orbicularis Muscle Flap
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Blepharoplasty of the upper eyelids is one of the most commonly performed procedures in aesthetic plastic surgery. The orbicularis muscle flap technique provides good results for patients with atonic skin and an atonic orbicularis muscle when there is excessive fullness in the lateral aspect of the upper lid. This flap also can be used to contain a prominent lacrimal gland or retro-orbicularis oculi fat (ROOF) without dangerous removal of the last one.
A total of 30 patients underwent upper lid blepharoplasty through a supratarsal incision approach. Dissection of the orbicularis muscle flap was made 5–8 mm above the supratarsal fold. Before the muscle flap suspension, the excess skin and fat pad were removed. The flap suspension was achieved with its rotation and motion of a tunnel in the suborbicularis plane, which anchored it on the periosteum of the orbital lateral rim of the frontal bone with a permanent suture.
This technique restores the sharp and crisp tarsal folds and pretarsal show with deepening of the orbitopalpebral sulcus. The orbicularis muscle flap also can be proposed for cases with a ptosis of the lateral upper lid. The authors believe this technique reduces the risk for “rounding” of the eyelid and produces better contact of the lid with the ocular globe.
The orbicularis muscle flap procedure is a feasible technique that can be used reliably to reshape the lateral upper lid. It would be a useful addition to the armamentarium of the plastic surgeon who is called on to perform upper blepharoplasty.
KeywordsUpper eyelid blepharoplasty Orbicularis muscle flap Dermatochalasis Upper eyelids’ aging Orbicularis flap suspension
Conflict of interest
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