Advertisement

Aesthetic Plastic Surgery

, Volume 35, Issue 6, pp 1184–1188 | Cite as

Gold for Facial Skin Care: Fact or Fiction?

  • Poramate Pitak-ArnnopEmail author
  • Alexander Hemprich
  • Kittipong Dhanuthai
  • Niels Christian Pausch
Letter to the Editor

To the Editor,

It is believed that anti-aging preparations or cosmeceuticals, as less-invasive, nonsurgical alternatives, can retard the aging effect of the skin [ 1]. Table  1 presents some common ingredients in cosmeceuticals. However, the therapeutic benefits of most products remain unsubstantiated [ 1]. A recent randomized controlled trial showed that a high-priced luxurious antiwrinkle cream (Chanel Ultra Correction Restructuring Anti-Wrinkle Cream SPF 10; Chanel, Paris, France) was no more effective than a regular, cheap moisturizer (ACO Facial Cream; ACO Hud AB, Apteekkituotteet, Finland) [ 2].
Table 1

Some common types of cosmeceutical ingredients

Ingredients

Examples

Mechanisms, effects, and relevant information

Alpha hydroxy acids (AHAs)

Citric acid, glycolic acid, lactic acid, malic acid, pyruvic acid, tartaric acid

Improves skin texture and reduces signs of aging by promoting keratinocyte detachment (act as a chemoexfoliant), restoring hydration, and promoting collagen,...

Keywords

Cosmeceutical ingredients Face mask Facial skin care Gold Systematic review 

References

  1. 1.
    Rivers JK (2008) The role of cosmeceuticals in antiaging therapy. Skin Ther Lett 13:5–9Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Lodén M, Buraczewska I, Halvarsson K (2007) Facial anti-wrinkle cream: influence of product presentation on effectiveness: a randomized and controlled study. Skin Res Technol 13:189–194PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Holck DE, Ng JD (2003) Facial skin rejuvenation. Curr Opin Ophthalmol 14:246–252PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Fathi-Azarbayjani A, Qun L, Chan YW, Chan SY (2010) Novel vitamin and gold-loaded nanofiber facial mask for topical delivery. AAPS PharmSciTech 11:1164–1170PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Pitak-Arnnop P, Bauer U, Dhanuthai K, Brückner M, Hervé C, Meningaud JP et al (2010) Ethical issues in instructions to authors of journals in oral-craniomaxillofacial/facial plastic surgery and related specialties. J Craniomaxillofac Surg 38:554–559PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Amer M, Maged M (2009) Cosmeceuticals versus pharmaceuticals. Clin Dermatol 27:428–430PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC and International Society of Aesthetic Plastic Surgery 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Poramate Pitak-Arnnop
    • 1
    • 3
    Email author
  • Alexander Hemprich
    • 1
  • Kittipong Dhanuthai
    • 1
    • 2
  • Niels Christian Pausch
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Oral, Craniomaxillofacial, and Facial Plastic Surgery, Scientific Unit for Clinical and Psychosocial Research, Evidence-Based Surgery, and Ethics in Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Faculty of MedicineUniversity Hospital of LeipzigLeipzigGermany
  2. 2.Department of Oral Pathology, Faculty of DentistryChulalongkorn UniversityBangkokThailand
  3. 3.Klinik und Poliklinik für Mund-, Kiefer- und Plastische GesichtschirurgieUniversitätsklinikum Leipzig AöRLeipzigGermany

Personalised recommendations