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Aesthetic Plastic Surgery

, Volume 35, Issue 3, pp 289–302 | Cite as

A Morphological Methodology for Three-dimensional Human Face Soft-tissue Landmarks Extraction: A Preliminary Study

  • F. Calignano
  • E. Vezzetti
Original Article

Abstract

Assessment of facial soft tissues could be implemented using only anatomical landmarks. These points are so significant in the medical context because are able to provide significant information about the human face morphology and dimensions. At present their detection and location is made by expert physicians using palpation. Even if this procedure normally provides reliable information, the reliability of the results is proportional to the expertise of the physician. Considering that at present many physicians are beginning to use 3D scanners that provide three-dimensional data of the human face, it is possible to implement a robust and repeatable methodology that supports the physician’s diagnosis. To reach this goal it is necessary to implement a methodology based on geometrical codification of landmarks and which mathematically formalizes the physician’s visual and palpation analyses of the real patient.

Keywords

Human face Soft tissues landmarks 3D scanners Automatic detection 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors want to thank Prof. G. Ramieri and Prof. L. Verzè of the “Università di Torino” whose collaboration with the authors in the LAFAV Laboratory, financed by Compagnia di San Paolo, provided precious suggestions and data for this study.

Disclosures

The authors have no conflicts of interest or financial ties to disclose.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC and International Society of Aesthetic Plastic Surgery 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Dipartimento di Sistemi di Produzione Ed Economia dell’AziendaPolitecnico di TorinoTurinItaly

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