Aesthetic Plastic Surgery

, Volume 33, Issue 2, pp 175–184 | Cite as

Photographic Facial Soft Tissue Analysis of Healthy Turkish Young Adults: Anthropometric Measurements

  • Senem Turan Ozdemir
  • Deniz Sigirli
  • Ilker Ercan
  • N. Simsek  Cankur
Original Article



The purpose of this study was to establish facial soft tissue norms for Turkish young adults.


Anthropometric measurements of the facial soft tissue were taken from 281 female and 149 male Turkish adults aged between 18 and 24 years. The soft tissue facial profiles were digitally analyzed using linear (17 vertical and 10 horizontal) measurements made with standardized photographic records, taken in a natural head position, to determine the average soft tissue facial profile for males and females.


A statistically significant difference was found between males and females in 20 of 27 measurements taken (p < 0.001). The most prominent differences between the sexes were observed in the measurements taken from the face region. Results were compared with other ethnic groups.


Craniofacial Face Measurements Anthropometry Photogrammetry 



This work was supported by the Uludag University Research Foundation (Grant No. 2004/62).


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC and International Society of Aesthetic Plastic Surgery 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Senem Turan Ozdemir
    • 1
  • Deniz Sigirli
    • 2
  • Ilker Ercan
    • 2
  • N. Simsek  Cankur
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Anatomy, Faculty of MedicineUludag UniversityBursaTurkey
  2. 2.Department of Biostatistics, Faculty of MedicineUludag UniversityBursaTurkey

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