Aesthetic Plastic Surgery

, Volume 32, Issue 2, pp 307–312

The Safety of Pedicles in Breast Reduction and Mastopexy Procedures

Original Article


Nipple necrosis is a potential complication of breast reduction and mastopexy procedures that can be prevented if the surgeon is acquainted with the arterial blood supply to the breast, particularly the nipple–areolar complex (NAC). A review of the latest research on this with its clinical application is given.


Breast reduction Blood supply Mastopexy NAC Nipple–areola complex 

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. V. van Deventer
    • 1
  • B. J. Page
    • 1
  • F. R. Graewe
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Biomedical Sciences, Division of Anatomy and HistologyUniversity of StellenboschWestern CapeSouth Africa
  2. 2.Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Faculty of Health SciencesUniversity of StellenboschWestern CapeSouth Africa

Personalised recommendations