Aesthetic Plastic Surgery

, Volume 32, Issue 2, pp 307–312 | Cite as

The Safety of Pedicles in Breast Reduction and Mastopexy Procedures

  • P. V. van DeventerEmail author
  • B. J. Page
  • F. R. Graewe
Original Article


Nipple necrosis is a potential complication of breast reduction and mastopexy procedures that can be prevented if the surgeon is acquainted with the arterial blood supply to the breast, particularly the nipple–areolar complex (NAC). A review of the latest research on this with its clinical application is given.


Breast reduction Blood supply Mastopexy NAC Nipple–areola complex 



The authors thank the Division of Anatomy and Histology at the University of Stellenbosch for the latex injections and the availability of female cadavers over a long period for dissection purposes.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. V. van Deventer
    • 1
    Email author
  • B. J. Page
    • 1
  • F. R. Graewe
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Biomedical Sciences, Division of Anatomy and HistologyUniversity of StellenboschWestern CapeSouth Africa
  2. 2.Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Faculty of Health SciencesUniversity of StellenboschWestern CapeSouth Africa

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