Aesthetic Plastic Surgery

, Volume 32, Issue 1, pp 105–110

Aesthetic Treatment of Pectus Excavatum: A New Endoscopic Technique Using a Porous Polyethylene Implant

  • Simone Grappolini
  • Paolo M. Fanzio
  • Pierluca G. C. D’Addetta
  • Alberto Todde
  • Maurizio Infante
Original Article

DOI: 10.1007/s00266-007-9025-6

Cite this article as:
Grappolini, S., Fanzio, P.M., D’Addetta, P.G.C. et al. Aesth Plast Surg (2008) 32: 105. doi:10.1007/s00266-007-9025-6

Abstract

Background

Pectus excavatum is the most frequent malformation of the rib cage. Functional aspects associated with this malformation often are absent even in adults not involved in competitive sports activities. Overall, these patients often live with extreme psychological discomfort when the malformations are minor. Traditionally, the correction of these malformations has been geared toward interventions that modify the architecture of the rib cage. However, all these interventions, even the most recent, involve considerably invasive major surgery. In fact, optimal results are not always achieved with corrective surgery using the insertion of silicone prosthesis, and patients often experience complications.

Methods

To correct intermediate and modest pectus excavatum in a stable manner and with the least amount of invasiveness, the authors developed a camouflage technique that uses porous prostheses made from high-density linear polyethylene. This material is generally used for reconstruction of the brain case. Between February 2001 and March 2006, in the I Unit of Plastic Surgery of the authors’ Institute, 11 adult pectus excavatum patients with no previous cardiorespiratory symptoms underwent the authors’ surgical technique. The average patient age was 29 years.

Results

Surgical repair was successful in all cases, and the average hospital stay was short. There were no complications during the follow-up period. The described approach repairs nonfunctional pectus excavatum in the adult with satisfying aesthetic and stable results, short hospital stay, and high patient popularity ratings.

Conclusions

The best therapeutic option for pectus excavatum, especially with intermediate or moderate severity, is still controversial: thoracic surgery or camouflage surgery with implant? Trying to address those issues we propose a new technique by a multidisciplinary, not aggressive approach using a high density linear polyethylene implant and Omentus flap and the early analysis of our data.

Keywords

Endoscopic Funnel chest Implant Omentum flap Pectus excavatum Prosthesis 

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Simone Grappolini
    • 1
  • Paolo M. Fanzio
    • 1
  • Pierluca G. C. D’Addetta
    • 1
  • Alberto Todde
    • 1
  • Maurizio Infante
    • 2
  1. 1.I Unit of Plastic SurgeryIstituto Clinico HumanitasMilanItaly
  2. 2.Thoracic SurgeryIstituto Clinico HumanitasMilanItaly

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