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Aesthetic Plastic Surgery

, Volume 31, Issue 2, pp 154–160 | Cite as

Attractiveness of Eyebrow Position and Shape in Females Depends on the Age of the Beholder

  • Dominik K. Feser
  • Martin Gründl
  • Marita Eisenmann-Klein
  • Lukas PrantlEmail author
Article

Abstract

Background

Great diversity exists among individuals with respect to eyebrow position and shape, and the notion of an “ideal” eyebrow has changed quite significantly over the past several decades.

Methods

This study compared three different variations of eyebrows. One variation was the arched eyebrow with the maximum height in the middle. The other two variations had their maximum height in the lateral third, but differed in their position (high vs low). For each of the seven female portraits presented, three variations were generated using morphing software. A total of 357 subjects 12 to 85 years of age compared these variations and ranked each woman individually with respect to perceived attractiveness.

Results

The data show that the preference for a specific eyebrow shape depends on a person’s age. Young subjects up to 30 years of age preferred eyebrows in a lower position, and ruled out arched eyebrows. Subjects older than 50 years stated exactly the opposite preference.

Conclusion

First, there is not one single beauty ideal for eyebrows, but at least three. The ideal a person prefers depends on his or her age. Second, because trends are generally introduced by young people and not by older individuals, and the young tend to prefer eyebrows in a lower position, it seems plausible to assume that the trend currently appears to be moving away from arched eyebrows toward lower positioned eyebrows with a maximum height in the lateral third.

Keywords

Arched eyebrow Eyebrow position Eyebrow shape Eyebrows Facial attractiveness Ideal of beauty 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dominik K. Feser
    • 1
  • Martin Gründl
    • 2
  • Marita Eisenmann-Klein
    • 1
  • Lukas Prantl
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Plastic SurgeryUniversity of RegensburgRegensburgGermany
  2. 2.Department of Experimental and Applied PsychologyUniversity of RegensburgRegensburgGermany

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