Aesthetic Plastic Surgery

, Volume 28, Issue 1, pp 45–53 | Cite as

A Study on Patients Treated with Polyacrylamide Hydrogel Injection for Facial Corrections

  • Vibeke Breiting
  • Annet Aasted
  • Anna Jørgensen
  • Per Opitz
  • Allan Rosetzsky


Polyacrylamide hydrogel (PAAG) has been used as a tissue filler in facial corrective surgery and for breast augmentation in Kiev, Ukraine, for more than 10 years with reportedly very good results. These results, however, have not been published in peer-reviewed journals. A Danish/Swedish group of plastic surgeons with special interest in facial corrective surgery did a retrospective, systematic, pre-planned investigation of 104 patients treated at the center in Kiev. All data were entered into a pre-programmed database for data processing. The mean age of this population was 37.4 years and the mean time since the gel injection was 3.9 years. An average of 5.7 ml of PAAG was injected prior to the investigation. The gel was well tolerated and assessment of the outcome was judged to be very good by 78% and good by 22%, by both physicians and patients. It is concluded that PAAG is well tolerated and seems to be a promising product for facial corrective surgery. Currently, the product (Aquamid®) is being studied in several prospective clinical trials, one of which is completed and in the process of preparation for publication.


Facial corrective surgery Polyacrylamide hydrogel (Aquamid®Clinical study Tissue fillers Lipo- and facial augmentation 



We thank CONTURA SA, Switzerland, for a research grant that made this retrospective study possible and the Contract Research Organisation KLIFO A/S, Denmark for their help with the construction of the Case Record Form and database and the statistical analysis. Mr. Wayne C. Pearson, president of Don Allen photographic studios, New York, is gratefully acknowledged for professional guidance in preparation of the photos.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vibeke Breiting
    • 1
  • Annet Aasted
    • 1
  • Anna Jørgensen
    • 1
  • Per Opitz
    • 1
  • Allan Rosetzsky
    • 1
  1. 1.DenmarkSweden

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