Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology

, Volume 70, Issue 9, pp 1601–1611 | Cite as

Inbreeding risk, avoidance and costs in a group-living primate, Cebus capucinus

Original Article

Abstract

Documenting inbreeding and its potential costs in wild populations is a complicated matter. Early infant death before genetic samples can be collected limits the ability of researchers to measure fitness costs, and pedigree information is necessary to accurately estimate relatedness between breeding individuals. Using data from 25 years of research from the Lomas Barbudal Capuchin Monkey Project, and a sample of 109 females that have given birth, we find that despite frequent co-residency of adult opposite-sexed individuals, capuchins produce offspring with close kin (i.e., related at the half-sibling level or higher) less often than would be expected in the absence of inbreeding avoidance. We do not find support for alternative, non-behavioral explanations for this pattern and thus argue for mate choice. Furthermore, we find evidence for fitness costs among inbred animals in the form of delayed female age at first birth but not significantly higher juvenile mortality. Further research is necessary in order to determine the mechanisms by which individuals develop sexual aversion to close kin. Through a combination of demographic records, maternal pedigrees, and genetically determined paternity, this study provides a detailed study of inbreeding and inbreeding avoidance in a well-studied mammal population. This study provides (1) evidence that capuchin monkeys avoid mating with close kin at both the level of parent-offspring and half sibling and (2) evidence of fitness costs to inbreeding in the form of delayed first age at reproduction.

Keywords

Inbreeding avoidance Inbreeding depression Primates Capuchin monkeys 

Supplementary material

265_2016_2168_MOESM1_ESM.docx (154 kb)
ESM 1(DOCX 153 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Irene Godoy
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    • 4
  • Linda Vigilant
    • 4
  • Susan E. Perry
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of AnthropologyUniversity of California-Los AngelesLos AngelesUSA
  2. 2.Center for Behavior, Evolution, and CultureUniversity of California-Los AngelesLos AngelesUSA
  3. 3.Lomas Barbudal Capuchin Monkey ProjectProyecto de MonosGuanacasteCosta Rica
  4. 4.Department of PrimatologyMax Planck Institute for Evolutionary AnthropologyLeipzigGermany

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