Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology

, Volume 65, Issue 9, pp 1773–1778 | Cite as

Longevity, calling effort, and metabolic rate in two populations of cricket

  • Kensuke Okada
  • William R. Pitchers
  • Manmohan D. Sharma
  • John Hunt
  • David J. Hosken
Original Paper

Abstract

Intraspecific variation in a resting metabolic rate (RMR) is likely to be an important determinant of energetic-resource use and may influence the resources subsequently available for allocation to traits not directly associated with somatic maintenance. The influence of RMR on resource availability could be especially important for condition-dependent sexual traits, such as cricket calls, that are themselves energetically costly to produce. RMR may also be associated with longevity, either negatively because individuals with a high RMR burn resources faster and die young, or positively as individuals with high RMR are more able to accrue resources to fuel survival. Additionally, the associations between RMR and other characters may vary across populations if differential selection or drift shapes these traits. Here we tested for differences in RMR, body mass, calling effort, and longevity in two populations of cricket Gryllodes sigillatus and then evaluated the potential influence of RMR on calling and longevity. We find that RMR, calling effort, and longevity varied across populations, but mass did not. Controlling for population and mass, RMR was not significantly associated with calling effort, but was negatively associated with longevity. These findings suggest that male crickets that live fast die young.

Keywords

Attractiveness Life history Resource allocation Reactive oxygen species Sexual signaling 

Notes

Acknowledgments

JH was funded by NERC and a Royal Society Fellowship, and DJH by NERC. We thank Scott Sakaluk for USA population of G. sigillatus and Leigh Simmons, Tarmo Ketola, and an anonymous referee for the comments which greatly improved the manuscript.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kensuke Okada
    • 1
  • William R. Pitchers
    • 1
  • Manmohan D. Sharma
    • 1
  • John Hunt
    • 1
  • David J. Hosken
    • 1
  1. 1.Centre for Ecology and ConservationUniversity of Exeter, Cornwall CampusPenrynUK

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