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International Orthopaedics

, Volume 42, Issue 11, pp 2591–2599 | Cite as

Partial extensor mechanism allograft reconstruction for chronic patellar tendon disruption shows superior outcomes in native knees when compared to same technique following total arthroplasty

  • Charles Fiquet
  • Nathan White
  • Romain Gaillard
  • Elvire Servien
  • Philippe Neyret
  • Sébastien Lustig
Original Paper

Abstract

Purpose

Chronic patellar tendon disruption occurs mostly after total knee arthroplasty, and is a challenging complication to treat. We have previously described an original technique for reconstruction using extensor mechanism allograft. The goal of this study was to assess the results of this technique in TKA and native knees.

Methods

An observational, single centre, retrospective study was conducted. Nine patients in the TKA group and eight in the native knee group were included, all treated for chronic PT rupture. The operative technique included fresh-frozen allograft, in which the patella was fashioned into an hourglass shape and press-fit in a corresponding groove in the native patella. The primary outcome was failure of the graft defined by a residual extensor lag > 10°.

Results

The mean age was 68 in the TKA group and 51 in the native group. The minimum follow-up was 24 months and the mean follow-up respectively 42 and 39 months. 33% of allografts failed in the TKA group where none failed in the native knee group, with a mean extension lag of 12.2° (0–30) and 1.25° (0–5), respectively. All but the three failures presented with an extension lag < 10°. Four cases of patellar bone block distal migration, less than 1 cm, were recorded in the native knee group without clinical repercussion.

Conclusions

The results of this original technique in the setting of chronic PT rupture were excellent for native knees at a minimum follow-up of 24 months. However, results were less satisfactory in the TKA group, due to the substantial rate of failure.

Level of Evidence III

Keywords

Chronic patellar tendon disruption TKA Native knee Hourglass partial extensor mechanism allograft 

Abbreviations

TKA

Total knee arthroplasty

PT

Patellar tendon

QT

Quadricipital tendon

EMA

Extensor mechanism allograft

EM

Extensor mechanism

ATT

Anterior tibial tubercle

EL

Extensor lag

KSS

Knee society score

CDI

Caton Deschamps Index

BTB

Bone-tendon-bone

BMI

Body mass index

Notes

Funding

This study received no funding.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflicts of interest

C. Fiquet: None

N. White: None

R. Gaillard: None

E. Servien: S&N consultant; institutional support: amplitude, Corin

P. Neyret: Royalties from Tornier; institutional support: none

S. Lustig: S&N, Medacta and Lepine consultant; institutional support: amplitude, Corin

Ethical approval

The Ethics Committee of the University Hospital of Lyon declares that the project titled “Partial Extensor Mechanism Allograft Reconstruction for chronic Patellar Tendon Disruption shows superior outcomes in Native Knees compared to same technique following Total Knee Arthroplasty (TKA)” submitted by Charles Fiquet et al., is ethically correct. Therefore, its execution is allowed.

Informed consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.

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Copyright information

© SICOT aisbl 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Centre Albert Trillat, Service de Chirurgie OrthopédiqueHôpital Universitaire Lyon NordLyonFrance

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