Comparison of traditional surgery and surgery assisted by three dimensional printing technology in the treatment of tibial plateau fractures

Original Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s00264-017-3445-y

Cite this article as:
Lou, Y., Cai, L., Wang, C. et al. International Orthopaedics (SICOT) (2017). doi:10.1007/s00264-017-3445-y

Abstract

Purpose

This study was conducted to compare traditional surgery and surgery assisted by 3D printing technology in the treatment of tibial plateau fractures. In addition, we also investigated the effect of 3D printing technology on the communication between doctors and patients.

Methods

Seventy two patients with tibial plateau fractures were enrolled in the study from April 2014 to October 2015. They were divided into two groups: 34 cases of 3D model group, 38 cases of traditional surgery group. The individual models were used to simulate the surgical procedures and carry out the surgery according to plan. Operation time, blood loss, and number of intra-operative fluoroscopy were recorded. Through the follow-up, the recovery of patients were observed. Besides, we designed questionnaires to verify the satisfaction for both surgeons and patients.

Results

The average operation time, average amount of blood loss, and number of intra-operative fluoroscopy for 3D model group was 85.2±0.9 minutes, 186.3± 5.5ml, 5.3± 0.2 times, and for traditional surgery group was 99.2±1.0 minutes, 216.2 ±6.9 ml,7.1 ± 0.2 times respectively. There was statistically significant difference between the traditional surgery group and 3D model group (P < 0.05). Via follow-up, we can see that the 3D printing group has a better clinical efficacy. The average score of the questionnaires to Patient and doctors were 7.3 ± 0.1 points and 8.5± 0.1 points respectively.

Conclusion

This study suggested the clinical feasibility of 3D printing technology in treatment of tibial plateau fractures.

Keywords

3D printing Questionnaire Surgery simulation Tibial plateau fracture 

Funding information

Funder NameGrant NumberFunding Note
National Natural Science Foundation of China
  • No.81472146
Wenzhou Municipal Science and Technology Bureau (CN)
  • Y20150063

Copyright information

© SICOT aisbl 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of OrthopaedicsThe Second Affiliated Hospital and Yuying Children’s Hospital of Wenzhou Medical UniversityWenzhouChina

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