Results of Mannerfelt wrist arthrodesis for rheumatoid arthritis in relation to the position of the fused wrist
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The wrist is involved early in rheumatoid arthritis and is often severely affected. A stable wrist is crucial to good hand function, which often necessitates a fusion. One of the most commonly used techniques in rheumatoid patients is the Mannerfelt arthrodesis. In this retrospective study the outcome and the patient’s subjective satisfaction are presented and compared to other techniques. Also the influence of the position of the wrist following a fusion procedure is analysed.
Thirty-four wrists were retrospectively analysed using radiological measurements, functional scores such as the Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH) and a pain assessment. The objective function of the hand with the fused wrist was assessed.
In 92.6 % of wrists the patients rated their satisfaction as good or excellent. The mean DASH score post-operatively was 63.3. Of the wrists, 17 were fixed in a median flexed position of 13° and 17 wrists in a median extended position of 8°. There was no statistically significant correlation between the position of the wrist and the satisfaction or objective function. The rate of fusion was 94.1 %.
The Mannerfelt arthrodesis achieves good results and provides a high rate of satisfaction and pain relief in our study. It has major advantages compared to other wrist fusion techniques in the rheumatoid patient. We could not show clear statistical evidence for better results in either a flexed or an extended position, but the ratings of the patients indicated better subjective results with a slightly extended position of the arthrodesis.
KeywordsMannerfelt arthrodesis Osteoarthritis Rheumatoid arthritis Wrist arthrodesis
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
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