International Orthopaedics

, Volume 37, Issue 11, pp 2193–2198 | Cite as

Do changes in torsional magnetic resonance imaging reflect improvement in gait after femoral derotation osteotomy in patients with cerebral palsy?

  • Frank Braatz
  • Sebastian I. Wolf
  • Annette Gerber
  • Matthias C. Klotz
  • Thomas Dreher
Original Paper



Femoral derotation osteotomy (FDO) is commonly used to correct internal rotation gait (IRG) in spastic diplegia. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether the extent of intraoperative derotation is reflected in changes in static (clinical ROM and anteversion angle measured on torsional MRI) and dynamic parameters (transverse plane kinematics in three-dimensional gait analysis) after FDO in children with spastic diplegia.


In a prospective study, 30 children with spastic diplegia and IRG were treated with FDO as part of a multilevel surgery and were examined pre- and postoperatively clinically, by three-dimensional gait analysis and by torsional MRI according to a standardised protocol.


A correlation (r = 0.317, p = 0.015) between the extent of intraoperative derotation and mean hip rotation in stance as well as the anteversion angle measured on torsional MRI (r = 0.454, p < 0.001) was found. However, no significant correlation was observed between anteversion angle (tMRI) and mean hip rotation in stance, either before or after FDO.


Significant improvements were found in IRG after FDO, confirming the results of previous studies. There was no correlation between the anteversion measured on MRI and the mean hip rotation in stance in 3D gait analysis before or after FDO. Thus, the data suggest that if the intraoperative extent of derotation is determined only by the anteversion angle, the result will not be better after FDO. It might only help to avoid retroversion and indicate the maximum amount of femoral derotation. In this study the extent of the intraoperative derotation was orientated at the preoperative midpoint of rotation. Based on the small, but significant correlation between the clinical midpoint and the mean hip rotation in stance in the gait analysis, determination of the intraoperative extent of derotation according to the mean hip rotation in stance seems to give the best results.


Cerebral palsy Gait analysis Femoral derotation Torsional MRI Internal rotation gait 


Conflict of interest



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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Frank Braatz
    • 1
  • Sebastian I. Wolf
    • 2
  • Annette Gerber
    • 2
  • Matthias C. Klotz
    • 2
  • Thomas Dreher
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Trauma Surgery and OrthopaedicsUniversity Medical Center GöttingenGöttingenGermany
  2. 2.Department of Orthopaedic SurgeryHeidelberg University ClinicsHeidelbergGermany

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