Total knee arthroplasty after high tibial osteotomy: a comparison of opening and closing wedge osteotomy
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High tibial osteotomy (HTO) is frequently used to treat varus osteoarthritis in younger patients with the goal of delaying the need for total knee arthroplasty (TKA). While it has been reported that the results of TKA following HTO are worse than those in patients without prior knee surgery, the influence of osteotomy technique (medial opening-wedge versus lateral closing-wedge) has not been explored. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the influence of HTO technique on the performance and results of TKA.
A total of 141 TKA’s performed in 118 patients with prior HTO (24 opening wedge and 117 closing wedge) were reviewed at a mean follow-up of two years. Reviewed data included intra-operative factors (tourniquet time, the need for additional exposure, and intra-operative complications), clinical results (International Knee Score (IKS)) and radiographic assessment of limb alignment.
The average IKS knee and function scores improved from 54.0 and 60.3 to 87.0 and 79.5 (p < 0.0001). There was no significant difference in IKS scores based on osteotomy technique. There was a trend toward an increased need for tibial tubercle osteotomy in the closing wedge group. There was an increased need for extensive medial release in the opening wedge group and extensive lateral release in the closing wedge group. No differences in tourniquet time, complication rates, or hip-knee-ankle angle were noted between the two groups.
Radiographic limb alignment, patient-reported outcomes, and complication rates are equal in patients undergoing TKA after opening and closing wedge HTO.
KeywordsTotal Knee Arthroplasty High Tibial Osteotomy Patellar Height Open Wedge High Tibial Osteotomy Wedge High Tibial Osteotomy
Conflicts of interest
One of the authors receives royalties from Tornier. Three authors have received research and travel support from Tornier.
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