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International Orthopaedics

, Volume 37, Issue 1, pp 119–124 | Cite as

Review of Van earthquakes form an orthopaedic perspective: a multicentre retrospective study

  • Savas GunerEmail author
  • Sukriye Ilkay Guner
  • Yasemin Isik
  • Gokay Gormeli
  • Ali Murat Kalender
  • Ugur Turktas
  • Mehmet Ata Gokalp
  • Abdurrahim Gozen
  • Mustafa Isik
  • Sezai Ozkan
  • Tulin Turkozu
  • Sevdegul Karadas
  • Mehmet Fethi Ceylan
  • Levent Ediz
  • Mehmet Bulut
  • Yusuf Gunes
  • Ayse Gormeli
  • Cemil Erturk
  • Metehan Eseoglu
  • Recep Dursun
Original Paper

Abstract

Purpose

This is a descriptive analysis, of victims of Turkey’s October 23, 2011 and November 21, 2011 Van earthquakes. The goal of this study is investigated the injury profile of the both earthquakes in relation to musculoskeletal trauma.

Methods

We retrospectively reviewed medical records of 3,965 patients admitted to in seven hospitals. A large share of these injuries were soft tissue injuries, followed by fractures, crush injuries, crush syndromes, nerve injuries, vascular injuries, compartment syndrome and joint dislocations. A total of 73 crush injuries were diagnosed and 31 of them were developed compartment syndrome.

Results

The patients with closed undisplaced fractures were treated with casting braces. For closed unstable fractures with good skin and soft-tissue conditions, open reduction and internal fixation was performed. All patients with open fracture had an external fixator applied after adequate debridement. Thirty one of 40 patients with compartment syndrome were treated by fasciotomy. For twelve of them, amputation was necessary. The most common procedure performed was debridement, followed by open reduction and internal fixation and closed reduction-casting, respectively.

Conclusions

The results of this study may provide the basis for future development of strategy to optimise attempts at rescue and plan treatment of survivors with musculoskeletal injuries after earthquakes.

Keywords

Compartment Syndrome Soft Tissue Injury Musculoskeletal Injury Crush Injury Lower Limb Fracture 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Savas Guner
    • 1
    • 18
    Email author
  • Sukriye Ilkay Guner
    • 2
  • Yasemin Isik
    • 3
  • Gokay Gormeli
    • 4
  • Ali Murat Kalender
    • 5
  • Ugur Turktas
    • 1
  • Mehmet Ata Gokalp
    • 1
  • Abdurrahim Gozen
    • 1
  • Mustafa Isik
    • 6
    • 7
  • Sezai Ozkan
    • 8
  • Tulin Turkozu
    • 9
  • Sevdegul Karadas
    • 10
  • Mehmet Fethi Ceylan
    • 1
  • Levent Ediz
    • 11
  • Mehmet Bulut
    • 12
  • Yusuf Gunes
    • 13
  • Ayse Gormeli
    • 14
  • Cemil Erturk
    • 15
  • Metehan Eseoglu
    • 16
  • Recep Dursun
    • 17
  1. 1.Department of Trauma and Orthopedic SurgeryYuzuncu Yil University Medical School HospitalVanTurkey
  2. 2.School of HealthYuzuncu Yil UniversityVanTurkey
  3. 3.Department of AnesthesiologyYuzuncu Yil University Medical School HospitalVanTurkey
  4. 4.Department of Trauma and Orthopedic SurgeryVan Research and Education HospitalVanTurkey
  5. 5.Department of Trauma and Orthopedic SurgerySutcu Imam University Medical School HospitalKahramanmarasTurkey
  6. 6.Department of Trauma and Orthopedic SurgeryGaziantep University Medical School HospitalGaziantepTurkey
  7. 7.Van Ipekyolu State HospitalVanTurkey
  8. 8.Department of Trauma and Orthopedic SurgeryMus State HospitalMusTurkey
  9. 9.Department of Trauma and Orthopedic SurgeryBitlis State HospitalBitlisTurkey
  10. 10.Department of Emergency MedicineYuzuncu Yil University Medical School HospitalVanTurkey
  11. 11.Department of Physical Medicine and RehabilitationYuzuncu Yil UniversityVanTurkey
  12. 12.Department of Trauma and Orthopedic SurgeryDicle University Medical School HospitalDiyarbakirTurkey
  13. 13.Department of AnesthesiologyVan Ipekyolu State HospitalVanTurkey
  14. 14.Department of RadiologyVan Research and Education HospitalVanTurkey
  15. 15.Department of Trauma and Orthopedic SurgeryHarran University Medical School HospitalSanliurfaTurkey
  16. 16.Department of NeurosurgeryYuzuncu Yıl Univercity, School of MedicineVanTurkey
  17. 17.Department of Emergency MedicineVan Research and Education HospitalVanTurkey
  18. 18.Yuzuncu Yil Universitesi Tip Fakultesi Ortopedi ve Trv. ADVanTurkey

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