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International Orthopaedics

, Volume 35, Issue 11, pp 1639–1645 | Cite as

Intra-articular injection of tranexamic acid reduces not only blood loss but also knee joint swelling after total knee arthroplasty

  • Kazunari Ishida
  • Nobuhiro Tsumura
  • Atsushi Kitagawa
  • Sayaka Hamamura
  • Koji Fukuda
  • Yoshihiro Dogaki
  • Seiji Kubo
  • Tomoyuki Matsumoto
  • Takehiko Matsushita
  • Takaaki Chin
  • Tetsuhiro Iguchi
  • Masahiro Kurosaka
  • Ryosuke Kuroda
Original Paper

Abstract

Purpose

This is a randomised controlled trial to examine whether intra-articular injection of tranexamic acid (TXA) decreases blood loss, as well as reducing leg swelling after total knee arthroplasty (TKA).

Methods

We performed 100 TKA in osteoarthritis patients. At closure, a total of 2,000 mg/20 ml TXA was injected into the knee joint through a closed suction drain (TXA group). For the control group, the same volume of physiological saline was injected. The pre-operative condition of the patients, post-operative haemoglobin (Hb) levels, discharge volumes from drain, D-dimer and needs for transfusion were compared between these two groups. Furthermore, leg diameters (thigh, suprapatellar portion and calf girth) were measured pre- and post-operatively to investigate whether TXA has an influence on leg swelling after surgery.

Results

The results revealed that post-operative decrease in Hb level was significantly reduced in the TXA group. Furthermore, knee joint swelling after operation was significantly suppressed in the TXA group compared to the control group.

Conclusions

The results revealed intra-articular administration of TXA decreased not only blood loss, but also knee joint swelling after TKA.

Keywords

Total Knee Arthroplasty Tranexamic Acid Venous Thromboembolic Event Allogeneic Blood Transfusion Total Knee Arthroplasty Patient 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgement

We thank Ms. Janina Tubby for English rewriting.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kazunari Ishida
    • 1
  • Nobuhiro Tsumura
    • 1
  • Atsushi Kitagawa
    • 1
  • Sayaka Hamamura
    • 1
  • Koji Fukuda
    • 1
  • Yoshihiro Dogaki
    • 1
  • Seiji Kubo
    • 2
  • Tomoyuki Matsumoto
    • 2
  • Takehiko Matsushita
    • 2
  • Takaaki Chin
    • 1
  • Tetsuhiro Iguchi
    • 1
  • Masahiro Kurosaka
    • 2
  • Ryosuke Kuroda
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Orthopaedic SurgeryHyogo Rehabilitation Centre Central HospitalNishi-kuJapan
  2. 2.Department of Orthopaedic SurgeryKobe University Graduate School of MedicineChuo-kuJapan

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