International Orthopaedics

, Volume 34, Issue 8, pp 1187–1192 | Cite as

Chronic Achilles tendon rupture reconstruction using a modified flexor hallucis longus transfer

  • Julien WegrzynEmail author
  • Jean-François Luciani
  • Rémi Philippot
  • Elisabeth Brunet-Guedj
  • Bernard Moyen
  • Jean-Luc Besse
Original Paper


The purpose of this study was to report the management and outcome of 11 patients presenting with chronic Achilles tendon (AT) rupture treated by a modified flexor hallucis longus (FHL) transfer. Seven patients presented with a neglected AT rupture, one with a chronic AT rupture associated with Achilles tendinosis and three with an AT re-rupture. AT defect after fibrosis debridement averaged 7.4 cm. In addition to FHL transfer, we performed an augmentation using the two remaining fibrous scar stumps of the ruptured AT. Functional assessment was performed using the AOFAS score and isokinetic evaluation was performed to assess ankle plantarflexion torque deficit. Follow-up averaged 79 months. Functional outcome was excellent with a significant improvement of the AOFAS score at latest follow-up. No re-rupture nor major complication, particularly of wound healing, was observed. All patients presented with a loss of active range of motion of the hallux interphalangeal joint without functional weakness during athletic or daily life activities. Isokinetic testing at 30 degrees/second and 120 degrees/second revealed a significant average decrease of 28 ± 11% and 36 ± 4.1%, respectively, in plantarflexion peak torque. Although strength deficit persisted at latest follow-up, functional improvement was significant without morbidity due to FHL harvesting. For patients with chronic AT rupture with a rupture gap of at least 5 cm, surgical repair using FHL transfer with fibrous AT stump reinforcement achieved excellent outcomes.


Achilles Tendon Peak Torque Plantar Flexion Flexor Hallucis Longus Ankle Plantar Flexion 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Julien Wegrzyn
    • 1
    • 3
    Email author
  • Jean-François Luciani
    • 2
  • Rémi Philippot
    • 1
  • Elisabeth Brunet-Guedj
    • 2
  • Bernard Moyen
    • 1
  • Jean-Luc Besse
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Orthopedic Surgery and Sports MedicineCentre Hospitalier Lyon–SudPierre BéniteFrance
  2. 2.Department of Sports Medicine, Pavilion AHôpital Edouard HerriotLyonFrance
  3. 3.Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Pavilion THôpital Edouard HerriotLyonFrance

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