International Orthopaedics

, 33:1567 | Cite as

Does computer navigation in total knee arthroplasty improve patient outcome at midterm follow-up?

  • Yogeesh D. Kamat
  • Kamran M. Aurakzai
  • Ajeya R. Adhikari
  • Daniel Matthews
  • Yegappan Kalairajah
  • Richard E. Field
Original Paper

Abstract

Computer navigation assistance in total knee arthroplasty (TKA) results in consistently accurate alignment of prostheses. We aimed to compare the outcome of computer-navigated and conventional TKA and to analyse the radiologically malaligned knees. We analysed 637 primary TKA, carried out by a single surgeon, over five consecutive years and divided them into two cohorts: group 1 = STA (standard instrumentation) and group 2  = CAS (computer-assisted surgery). There was no significant difference between the average Oxford Knee Scores (OKS) of the two groups at any time from one to five years. However, the malaligned TKA at three years had a worse OKS. At medium term there is no difference in clinical outcome measures that can be attributed to the surgeon having used computer-assisted navigation for TKA. But group 1, having a higher proportion of malaligned TKA, might show worsening of OKS at long term.

Keywords

Total Knee Arthroplasty Mechanical Axis Primary Total Knee Arthroplasty Oxford Knee Score Computer Navigation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Résumé

La navigation dans la prothèse totale du genou permet d’avoir une amélioration de l’alignement articulaire. Nous avons comparé le devenir d’une prothèse totale du genou naviguée, ou traitée par voie conventionnelle, avec une analyse radiologique des genoux présentant une déviation externe en valgus. Nous avons analysé 637 prothèses totales du genou, réalisées par le même chirurgien sur 5 ans et divisées en deux groupes: le groupe 1 STA avec une instrumentation standard et le groupe 2 CAS avec navigation. Il n’y a pas de différence significative au niveau des scores d’Oxford (OKS) dans les deux groupes sur une période de 1 à 5 ans. Cependant, les genoux présentant un défaut d’axe post-opératoire ont un résultat OKS dégradé au bout de la troisième année. A moyen terme, il n’y a pas de différence sur le devenir clinique mais le groupe 1 a néanmoins une proportion beaucoup plus importante de genoux présentant une déviation axiale ce qui peut influer, de façon négative sur le score OKS à long terme.

Notes

Acknowledgements

Mrs. June Riordan, Outcomes Programme Co-Ordinator, St. Helier Hospital and Mr. Pradeep B. Moonot, Clinical Research Fellow, The South West London Elective Orthopaedic Centre.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yogeesh D. Kamat
    • 1
    • 2
  • Kamran M. Aurakzai
    • 1
  • Ajeya R. Adhikari
    • 1
  • Daniel Matthews
    • 1
  • Yegappan Kalairajah
    • 1
  • Richard E. Field
    • 1
  1. 1.The South West London Elective Orthopaedic CentreEpsom and St. Helier University Hospitals NHS TrustEpsomUK
  2. 2.SuttonUK

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