International Orthopaedics

, Volume 33, Issue 1, pp 77–82 | Cite as

Biochemical markers of bone turnover in aseptic loosening in hip arthroplasty

  • Nikolaus A. Streich
  • Tobias Gotterbarm
  • Martin Jung
  • Ulrich Schneider
  • Christian Heisel
Original Paper

Abstract

The aim of this study was to determine the diagnostic value of systemic biochemical markers of bone turnover in aseptic loosening in hip arthroplasty, namely the urine levels of three bone resorption peptides – crosslinked n-telopeptides (NTX), c-telopeptides (CTX I) and deoxypyridinoline (DPD). We compared 52 patients with surgically proven component loosening with 52 patients without clinical or radiological signs of endoprosthetic loosening and 52 healthy individuals. All three markers were measured using commercially available enzyme-linked immunoassays. We found significantly increased levels of DPD in the loosening group (p < 0.05), but there was no significant difference between the loosening group and the two reference groups for the other two markers tested. Our data suggest that DPD can be used as an additional tool in the diagnosis of aseptic loosening in hip arthroplasty but CTX I and NTX have no predictive value in this context.

Résumé

Le but de cette étude est de déterminer la valeur diagnostic de marqueurs bio-chimiques dans le descellement aseptique des prothèses totales de hanche, en mesurant un certain nombre peptides issus de la résorption osseuse (crosslinked n-telpeptides [NTX], c-telpepetides [CTX I] et deoxypyridinoline [DPD]. nous avons comparé les paramètres de 52 individus présentant un descellement aseptique à 52 individus sains. Tous les paramètres ont été mesurés par la méthode ELISA. nous avons trouvé une augmentation significative des DPD dans le groupe prothèses descellées (p < 0.05). Il n’y a pas de différence significative entre les deux groupes pour les autres marqueurs. nous suggérons que la DPD peut être utilisée comme un marqueur additionnel du diagnostic des descellements aseptiques des prothèses totales de hanche par contre, il n’y a pas de valeurs prédictives pour les marqueurs CTX1 et NTX.

Notes

Acknowledgements

No financial benefits were received for this study by any of the authors. All assays used were provided by the research grant of the Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nikolaus A. Streich
    • 1
  • Tobias Gotterbarm
    • 1
  • Martin Jung
    • 1
  • Ulrich Schneider
    • 2
  • Christian Heisel
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Orthopaedic SurgeryUniversity of HeidelbergHeidelbergGermany
  2. 2.Arthro Nova ClinicRottach-EggernGermany

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