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Cancer Immunology, Immunotherapy

, Volume 64, Issue 7, pp 805–815 | Cite as

Adoptive T cell therapy combined with intralesional administrations of TG1042 (adenovirus expressing interferon-γ) in metastatic melanoma patients

  • Amir Khammari
  • Jean-Michel Nguyen
  • Melanie Saint-Jean
  • Anne-Chantal Knol
  • Marie-Christine Pandolfino
  • Gaelle Quereux
  • Anabelle Brocard
  • Lucie Peuvrel
  • Soraya Saiagh
  • Vincent Bataille
  • Jean-Marc Limacher
  • Brigitte DrenoEmail author
Original Article

Abstract

Tumor immune escape has recently been shown to be related to the development of an immune tolerance state of the microenvironment. Cytokines activating the immune system such as IFN-γ can be used to reverse the immune escape and thus to potentiate the efficacy of immunotherapy. A clinical study was conducted in 18 stage IIIc/IV melanoma patients treated with tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) in combination with intratumoral TG1042 injection (adenovirus expressing IFN-γ). The primary objective was to investigate the safety of treatment. Secondary objectives were to study the clinical response and translational research. The treatment was well tolerated. Among the 13 patients evaluable for tumor response, 38.5 % had an overall objective response (OOR = CR + PR) and disease control rate (DCR = CR + PR + S) of 46 %. The clinical response of the 37 targeted lesions led to an OOR of 51 % and a DCR of 75 %. Translational research on predictive markers did not significantly differ between responder and non-responder patients. However, specifically regarding injected lesions, the clinical response correlated with CD3−/CD56+ NK cells which could be activated by TG1042. Further larger studies of this combined immunotherapy are needed to confirm our findings. Intralesional TG1042 combined with antigen-selected TILs should be discussed.

Keywords

Melanoma Adoptive T cell therapy Interferon-γ TG1042 

Abbreviations

ACT

Adoptive cell therapy

AJCC

American Joint Committee of Cancer

APC

Allophycocyanin

CR

Complete regression

FACS

Fluorescence-activated cell sorting

FITC

Fluorescein isothiocyanate

H&E

Hematoxylin and eosin

IFN-γ

Interferon-gamma

IL

Interleukin

MAGE

Melanoma-associated antigen

NCI-CTC

National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria

NK

Natural killer

NY-ESO-1

New York esophageal squamous cell carcinoma

P

Progression

PE

Phycoerythrin

PR

Partial regression

SD

Stable disease

TIL

Tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes

Notes

Acknowledgments

We thank M. Yviquel, G. Hatton and J. David from the laboratory of immunodermatology and also the laboratory of immunology from Nantes Hospital for their technical support. This study was partially funded by Transgene and Nantes Hospital.

Conflict of interest

V. Bataille and J.M. Limacher are employees of Transgene SA. Other authors have no conflict of interest to disclose.

Supplementary material

262_2015_1691_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (336 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (PDF 335 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Amir Khammari
    • 1
    • 2
  • Jean-Michel Nguyen
    • 2
    • 4
  • Melanie Saint-Jean
    • 1
    • 2
  • Anne-Chantal Knol
    • 2
  • Marie-Christine Pandolfino
    • 2
    • 3
  • Gaelle Quereux
    • 1
    • 2
  • Anabelle Brocard
    • 1
    • 2
  • Lucie Peuvrel
    • 1
    • 2
  • Soraya Saiagh
    • 3
  • Vincent Bataille
    • 5
  • Jean-Marc Limacher
    • 5
  • Brigitte Dreno
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    Email author
  1. 1.Dermato-Oncology DepartmentNantes HospitalNantes Cedex 1France
  2. 2.Cancer Research Center Nantes-Angers (Inserm U892, CNRS 6299)Nantes Cedex 1France
  3. 3.Cell and Gene Therapy Unit (UTCG)Nantes HospitalNantes Cedex 1France
  4. 4.Biostatistic Department (PIMESP)Hôpital St Jacques - CHU NantesNantesFrance
  5. 5.Transgene SAIllkirch-GraffenstadenFrance

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