Initial experience with 3D CT cinematic rendering of acute pancreatitis and associated complications
Inflammation of the pancreas can present with a wide range of imaging findings from mild enlargement of the gland and surrounding infiltrative fat stranding through extensive glandular necrosis. Complications of pancreatitis are varied and include infected fluid collections, pseudocysts, and vascular findings such as pseudoaneurysms and thromboses. Cross-sectional imaging with computed tomography (CT) is one of the mainstays of evaluating patients with pancreatitis. New methods that allow novel visualization volumetric CT data may improve diagnostic yield for the detection of findings that provide prognostic information in pancreatitis patients or can drive new avenues of research such as machine learning. Cinematic rendering (CR) is a photorealistic visualization method for volumetric imaging data that are being investigated for a variety of potential applications including the life-like display of complex anatomy and visual characterization of mass lesions. In this review, we describe the CR appearance of different types of pancreatitis and complications of pancreatitis. We also note possible future directions for research into the utility of CR for pancreatitis.
KeywordsAcute interstitial edematous pancreatitis Necrotizing pancreatitis Pseudocyst Walled-off pancreatic necrosis Thrombosis Pseudoaneurysm
No funding was received by the authors in relation to writing this manuscript.
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
EKF receives research support from Siemens and GE Healthcare and is a co-founder and stockholder in HipGraphics, Inc. The other authors have no relevant conflicts of interest to report.
This manuscript does not detail a defined study and no ethical approval was necessary.
No patient data are included in this manuscript and informed consent was not applicable.
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