Abdominal Radiology

, Volume 44, Issue 11, pp 3508–3517 | Cite as

Rectal cancer lexicon: consensus statement from the society of abdominal radiology rectal & anal cancer disease-focused panel

  • Thomas A. HopeEmail author
  • Marc J. Gollub
  • Supreeta Arya
  • David D. B. Bates
  • Dhakshinamoorthy Ganeshan
  • Mukesh Harisinghani
  • Kartik S. Jhaveri
  • Zahra Kassam
  • David H. Kim
  • Elena Korngold
  • Neeraj Lalwani
  • Courtney C. Moreno
  • Stephanie Nougaret
  • Viktoriya Paroder
  • Raj M. Paspulati
  • Jennifer S. Golia Pernicka
  • Iva Petkovska
  • Perry J. Pickhardt
  • Gaiane M. Rauch
  • Michael H. Rosenthal
  • Shannon P. Sheedy
  • Natally Horvat
Special Section: Rectal Cancer


Standardized terminology is critical to providing consistent reports to referring clinicians. This lexicon aims to provide a reference for terminology frequently used in rectal cancer and reflects the consensus of the Society of Abdominal Radiology Disease Focused Panel in Rectal cancer. This lexicon divided the terms into the following categories: primary tumor staging, nodal staging, treatment response, anal canal anatomy, general anatomy, and treatments.


Rectal cancer Lexicon Staging MRI Society of Abdominal Radiology Rectal & Anal Cancer Disease-Focused Panel 



The authors would like to thank the following members of the Disease Focused Panel for their advice on the lexicon: Greg DePrisco, Randy Ernst, Harmeet Kaur, Chandrana Lall, Hiram Shaish and Regina Beets-Tan.



Compliance with ethical standards

Conflicts of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Thomas A. Hope
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    Email author
  • Marc J. Gollub
    • 4
  • Supreeta Arya
    • 5
  • David D. B. Bates
    • 4
  • Dhakshinamoorthy Ganeshan
    • 6
  • Mukesh Harisinghani
    • 7
  • Kartik S. Jhaveri
    • 8
  • Zahra Kassam
    • 9
  • David H. Kim
    • 10
  • Elena Korngold
    • 11
  • Neeraj Lalwani
    • 12
  • Courtney C. Moreno
    • 13
  • Stephanie Nougaret
    • 14
    • 15
  • Viktoriya Paroder
    • 4
  • Raj M. Paspulati
    • 16
  • Jennifer S. Golia Pernicka
    • 4
  • Iva Petkovska
    • 4
  • Perry J. Pickhardt
    • 10
  • Gaiane M. Rauch
    • 6
  • Michael H. Rosenthal
    • 17
  • Shannon P. Sheedy
    • 18
  • Natally Horvat
    • 19
  1. 1.Department of Radiology and Biomedical ImagingUniversity of California San FranciscoSan FranciscoUSA
  2. 2.Department of RadiologySan Francisco VA Medical CenterSan FranciscoUSA
  3. 3.UCSF Helen, Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer CenterUniversity of California San FranciscoSan FranciscoUSA
  4. 4.Department of RadiologyMemorial Sloan Kettering Cancer CenterNew YorkUSA
  5. 5.Tata Memorial CentreMumbaiIndia
  6. 6.Department of RadiologyUniversity of Texas MD Anderson Cancer CenterHoustonUSA
  7. 7.Massachusetts General HospitalBostonUSA
  8. 8.University of Toronto University Health NetworkTorontoCanada
  9. 9.Schulich School of MedicineWestern UniversityLondonCanada
  10. 10.School of Medicine and Public HealthUniversity of WisconsinMadisonUSA
  11. 11.Oregon Health and Science UniversityPortlandUSA
  12. 12.Department of Radiology, Section of Abdominal ImagingWake Forest University and Baptist Medical CenterWinston-SalemUSA
  13. 13.Emory University School of MedicineAtlantaUSA
  14. 14.Montpellier Cancer Research InstituteMontpellierFrance
  15. 15.Department of Radiology, Montpellier Cancer Institute, INSERM, U1194University of MontpellierMontpellierFrance
  16. 16.Department of Radiology, University HospitalsCase Western Reserve UniversityClevelandUSA
  17. 17.Harvard Medical School, Brigham and Women’s HospitalDana-Farber Cancer InstituteBostonUSA
  18. 18.Mayo Clinic RochesterRochesterUSA
  19. 19.Department of RadiologyHospital Sirio-LibanesSão PauloBrazil

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