Abdominal Radiology

, Volume 44, Issue 12, pp 3811–3826 | Cite as

Benign diseases of the urinary tract at CT and CT urography

  • Kimberly L. ShampainEmail author
  • Richard H. Cohan
  • Elaine M. Caoili
  • Matthew S. Davenport
  • James H. Ellis
Special Section : Urothelial Disease


There are many benign conditions that can affect the urinary tract. With respect to CT urography, these can be divided into two broad groups: (1) abnormalities that often have a distinctive appearance and (2) abnormalities that may be mistaken for urothelial cancers. This article will illustrate the CT or CT urographic appearance of some of the many benign urinary tract lesions. When applicable, the article will provide explanations as to how to minimize the likelihood that benign but clinically relevant entities will go undetected during the search for common causes of hematuria (stones, renal cancers, and urothelial neoplasms) and will provide information as to how some patients with cancer mimics can have suggestive clinical presentations or CT imaging that allows for benign diagnoses to be considered. It is important to identify benign abnormalities, as this may explain why a patient with no other urinary tract pathology has hematuria. In other instances, the...


CT urography Genitourinary tract Benign urinary tract lesions 



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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of RadiologyMichigan MedicineAnn ArborUSA
  2. 2.Department of RadiologyUniversity of Michigan HospitalAnn ArborUSA

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