“Horseshoe” sign in a female urethral diverticulum

  • David Livingston
  • Celin Rajan
  • J. Mark McKinney
  • Shweta BhattEmail author
Classics in Abdominal Radiology


Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

All authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


  1. 1.
    Rovner ES, Wein AJ (2003) Diagnosis and reconstruction of the dorsal or circumferential urethral diverticulum. J Urol. 170(1): p. 82-6; discussion 86.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Patel AK, Chapple CR (2006) Female urethral diverticula. Curr Opin Urol. 16(4): p. 248-54.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Mårtensson O, Duchek M (1994) Translabial ultrasonography with pulsed colour-Doppler in the diagnosis of female urethral diverticula. Scandinavian Journal of Urology and Nephrology. 28(1): p. 101-4.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Greenberg M, Stone D, Cochran ST, Bruskewitz R, Pagani JJ, Raz S, Barbaric ZM (1981) Female urethral diverticula: double-balloon catheter study. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 136(2): p. 259-64.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Stewart M, Bretland PM, Stidolph NE (1981) Urethral diverticula in the adult female. Br J Urol. 53(4): p. 353-9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Bennett GL, et al. (2009) MRI of the urethra in women with lower urinary tract symptoms: spectrum of findings at static and dynamic imaging. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 193(6): p. 1708-15.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Bennett SJ (2000) Urethral diverticula. Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol. 89(2): p. 135-9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Thomas AA, et al., (2008) Urethral diverticula in 90 female patients: a study with emphasis on neoplastic alterations. J Urol. 180(6): p. 2463-7.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Mayo ClinicJacksonvilleUSA
  2. 2.Christian Medical College and HospitalLudhianaIndia
  3. 3.Department of RadiologyMayo ClinicJacksonvilleUSA

Personalised recommendations