Duodenal obstruction induced by retroperitoneal progression of bladder cancer: a report of two cases
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Bladder cancer usually forms a papillary structure. Progression along the cavity or membranous structures surrounding the bladder, rectum, or retroperitoneum without formation of a discrete mass is rare. We here present two patients with duodenal obstruction caused by retroperitoneal progression of bladder cancer, in both of whom computed tomography revealed bladder and rectal wall thickening with a malignant target sign, thickened mesorectal fascia with abnormal tissue stranding, and increased perirectal fat density. Both cancers progressed despite treatment, as indicated by faint abnormal tissue stranding and increased retroperitoneal fat density along the retromesenteric plane from the pelvis to the duodenum. Subsequently, both patients developed obstruction in the horizontal portion of the duodenum, still without formation of a mass lesion. These two patients highlight the challenges associated with retroperitoneal invasion by bladder cancer in the absence of a mass lesion and underscore the importance of considering cancer progression in patients with bowel obstruction, even when there is no obvious mass lesion and/or only minor retroperitoneal findings. Progression along the retromesenteric plane may be the key pathway via which progressive bladder cancer results in duodenal obstruction without or with a minor mass lesion.
KeywordsBladder cancer Retroperitoneal progression Duodenal obstruction Retromesenteric plane
This research did not receive any specific grant from funding agencies in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest.
All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki Declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.
The requirement for written informed consent was waived for this case report on the basis of the opt-out system of our institution.
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