Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography using optimized integrated combination with parallel imaging and compressed sensing technique
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To assess the combined parallel imaging (PI) and optimized integrated compressed sensing technique (prototype Compressed SENSE) for magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) compared with conventional MRCP.
This prospective study was approved by our Institutional Review Board, and all patients provided written informed consent. A total of 56 consecutive patients (27 men and 29 women; mean age 67.2 years) underwent breath-hold three-dimensional (3D) MRCP with PI alone (BH-MRCP; acquisition time, 23 s), respiratory-triggered 3D MRCP with PI alone (RT-MRCP; 201 s) and respiratory-triggered 3D MRCP with Compressed SENSE (RT-MRCPcs; 45 s). Relative duct-to-periductal contrast ratios (RCs) of the pancreaticobiliary ducts were calculated for quantitative image analyses. Two radiologists graded the visibility of the pancreaticobiliary ducts, pancreatic cystic lesion, motion artifact, and overall image quality using a five-point rating scale for qualitative image analyses. Theses qualitative and quantitative measurements were then compared among the three sequences.
RCs of the common bile duct, right hepatic duct (RHD), left hepatic duct (LHD), and main pancreatic duct at the pancreatic head, body, and tail segments, were significantly higher RT-MRCP, followed by RT-MRCPcs and BH-MRCP (P < 0.001). The visibility of the peripheral RHD and LHD was slightly better in RT-MRCP than in RT-MRCPcs and BH-MRCP (P < 0.001). The visibility of other pancreaticobiliary ducts, pancreatic cystic lesion, motion artifact, and overall image quality were almost comparable among three sequences.
The acquisition time was markedly reduced in RT-MRCPcs compared with conventional RT-MRCP while there were significant differences in both quantitative and qualitative analyses, the differences were small enough that the reduced acquisition time makes up for it.
KeywordsMagnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography Compressed sensing Respiratory triggered Pancreaticobiliary ducts Diagnostic imaging
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
Author disclosure of potential conflict of interest. No relevant conflicts of interest to disclose.
Research involving human participants and/or animals
All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki Declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.
The requirement for informed consent was waived by our Institutional Review Board.
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