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Abdominal Radiology

, Volume 43, Issue 8, pp 2060–2065 | Cite as

Surgical management in acute diverticulitis and its association with multi-detector CT, modified Hinchey classification, and clinical parameters

  • David D. B. BatesEmail author
  • Marina Bernal Fernandez
  • Cecilia Ponchiardi
  • Michael von Plato
  • Joshua P. Teich
  • Chaitan Narsule
  • Stephan W. Anderson
  • Avneesh Gupta
  • Christina A. LeBedis
Article

Abstract

Purpose

To assess whether CT findings, clinical parameters, and modified Hinchey classification are predictive of management outcomes of patients with acute diverticulitis.

Materials and methods

Data were accrued between January 2014 and December 2015. A total of 301 adult subjects were identified from radiology reports, of which six who did not met the inclusion criteria were excluded, thus yielding 295 subjects. Subjects were 43.1% (n = 127) male and 56.9% female (n = 168), with mean age 51.9 years (range 18–90). Two independent abdominal radiologists reviewed all scans; imaging features and a modified Hinchey classification were scored. Descriptive statistics compared the relationships between imaging findings, clinical parameters obtained from medical record review, and modified Hinchey classification with management outcomes.

Results

CT findings associated with surgical management include the presence of a pericolonic fluid collection (36.8% vs. 8.2%, P = 0.0001), colonic fistula (13.2% vs. 0.4%, P = 0.0002), extraluminal air (26.4% vs. 9.3%, P = 0.0052), bowel obstruction (5.2% vs. 0.0%, P = 0.0162), and a modified Hinchey score of Ib or higher (55.3% vs. 11.7%, P = 0.0001). Slightly lower systolic blood pressure was also associated with operative management (137.2 mmHg vs. 128.2 mmHg, P = 0.0220).

Conclusion

Specific CT imaging features and modified Hinchey classification are associated with subsequent surgical management in patients with acute diverticulitis.

Keywords

Diverticulitis Hinchey Abscess Management Colon Computed tomography 

Notes

Acknowledgement

Special thanks to the Susanne Loomis and the REMS Media Services at Massachusetts General Hospital for assistance with the diagrams in this article.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

Dr. Bates declares that he has no conflict of interest. Dr. Bernal Fernandez declares that she has no conflict of interest. Dr. Ponchiardi declares that she has no conflict of interest. Dr. von Plato declares that he has no conflict of interest. Dr. Teich declares that he has no conflict of interest. Dr. Narsule declares that he has no conflict of interest. Dr. Anderson declares that he has no conflict of interest. Dr. Gupta declares that he has no conflict of interest. Dr. Lebedis declares that she has no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Informed consent

Informed consent was waived by the institutional review board.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • David D. B. Bates
    • 1
    • 5
    Email author
  • Marina Bernal Fernandez
    • 1
  • Cecilia Ponchiardi
    • 2
  • Michael von Plato
    • 3
  • Joshua P. Teich
    • 3
  • Chaitan Narsule
    • 4
  • Stephan W. Anderson
    • 1
  • Avneesh Gupta
    • 1
  • Christina A. LeBedis
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of RadiologyBoston University Medical CenterBostonUSA
  2. 2.Department of PathologyBoston University Medical CenterBostonUSA
  3. 3.Boston University School of MedicineBostonUSA
  4. 4.Department of SurgeryBoston University Medical CenterBostonUSA
  5. 5.Department of RadiologyMemorial Sloan Kettering Cancer CenterNew YorkUSA

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