Imaging in the post-partum period: clinical challenges, normal findings, and common imaging pitfalls
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Complex physiological and biochemical changes occur in women during the post-partum period, many of which are incompletely understood. There are limited descriptions within the medical literature about expected imaging findings during this period and this review aims to illustrate ‘normal’ appearances following vaginal delivery and Cesarean section. We will also discuss some of the pertinent clinical challenges and imaging pitfalls encountered in assessing the post-partum female.
KeywordsPost-partum Ultrasound Computed tomography Magnetic resonance imaging Cesarean section
Compliance with ethical standards
No funding was received for this study.
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.
Statement of informed consent was not applicable since the manuscript does not contain any patient data.
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