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Abdominal Imaging

, Volume 36, Issue 4, pp 415–424 | Cite as

Hepatic epithelioid hemangioendothelioma: findings at CT and MRI including preliminary observations at diffusion-weighted echo-planar imaging

  • Melanie BruegelEmail author
  • Daniela Muenzel
  • Simone Waldt
  • Katja Specht
  • Ernst J. Rummeny
Article

Abstract

Objective

Hepatic epithelioid hemangioendothelioma (EHE) is a rare vascular tumor with low- to intermediate-grade malignant potential. We describe cross-sectional imaging findings of pathologically confirmed EHE including preliminary observations on lesion characteristics and apparent diffusion coefficients (ADCs) at diffusion-weighted MR imaging (DWI).

Methods

CT and MRI examinations in five patients were retrospectively reviewed. Two radiologists evaluated lesion growth patterns, attenuation, signal intensity characteristics, and contrast enhancement patterns. Additionally, DWI features on low and high b-value images as well as ADCs were assessed in three patients.

Results

Imaging features of EHE included multifocal hepatic disease (n = 5), predominantly subcapsular location (n = 5), coalescence of nodules (n = 5), capsular retraction (n = 3), and intralesional calcifications (n = 3). Contrast-enhanced CT and MR images showed variable degrees of peripheral rim enhancement. T2-weighted MR images, low b-value DWI and ADC maps frequently depicted a “target-sign” appearance of tumor nodules. A markedly hyperintense central area corresponding to hypocellular stroma was surrounded by a moderately hyperintense outer rim reflecting hypercellular tumor regions. The mean ADC of lesions was 1.86 × 10−3 mm2/s.

Conclusion

Cross-sectional imaging displayed typical features of EHE. The mean ADC value of lesions was found to be relatively high in comparison with other hepatic malignancies, which may be helpful in suggesting the diagnosis.

Keywords

Liver neoplasms Epithelioid hemangioendothelioma Multislice spiral CT Diffusion-weighted MRI ADC value 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Melanie Bruegel
    • 1
    Email author
  • Daniela Muenzel
    • 1
  • Simone Waldt
    • 1
  • Katja Specht
    • 2
  • Ernst J. Rummeny
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Radiology, Klinikum rechts der IsarTechnische Universität MünchenMunichGermany
  2. 2.Institute of Pathology, Klinikum rechts der IsarTechnische Universität MünchenMunichGermany

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