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Abdominal Imaging

, Volume 35, Issue 2, pp 241–245 | Cite as

Usefulness of contrast-enhanced ultrasonography in the diagnosis of renal pseudotumors

  • Silvio MazziottiEmail author
  • Fabrizio Zimbaro
  • Alessia Pandolfo
  • Sergio Racchiusa
  • Nicola Settineri
  • Giorgio Ascenti
Article

Abstract

Background: Within the term “pseudotumors” are grouped some renal anatomic variations that may simulate a focal renal lesion at ultrasonography. Our purpose was to assess the accuracy of contrast-enhanced ultrasonography (CEUS) using a second-generation contrast agent in the diagnosis of renal pseudotumors. Methods: We retrospectively retrieved CEUS examinations performed in 24 patients for characterization of suspected renal pseudotumor, in which conventional and power Doppler US study had been unable to confidently exclude a neoplasm. The considered criterion to define the diagnosis of renal pseudotumor was the demonstration of the same perfusion and reperfusion after microbubble breakage in both pseudotumor and surrounding parenchyma during early and late corticomedullary phase. In all patients, multiphase CT or dynamic MRI was available, representing a standard of reference for this study. In cases of CT or MRI diagnosis of renal lesion, final diagnoses were obtained with percutaneous renal biopsy or with surgery. Results: Contrast-enhanced ultrasonography diagnosis was concordant with MR or CT images in all cases. Conclusion: In our experience CEUS shows complete concordance with CT and MRI in the characterization of all 24 pseudotumors considered dubious at conventional and power Doppler US. The appropriate use of CEUS can reduce the need for contrast-enhanced CT or dynamic MRI in this item.

Keywords

CEUS Pseudotumors Kidney CT MR 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Silvio Mazziotti
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Fabrizio Zimbaro
    • 1
  • Alessia Pandolfo
    • 1
  • Sergio Racchiusa
    • 1
  • Nicola Settineri
    • 1
  • Giorgio Ascenti
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Radiological SciencesUniversity of MessinaMessinaItaly
  2. 2.MessinaItaly

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