Abdominal Imaging

, Volume 32, Issue 2, pp 171–181 | Cite as

Ultrasonography of the pancreas. 4. Contrast-enhanced imaging

  • M. D’Onofrio
  • G. Zamboni
  • N. Faccioli
  • P. Capelli
  • R. Pozzi Mucelli
Article

Abstract

The introduction of contrast-enhanced ultrasonography (CEUS) has lead to great developments in the diagnostic capabilities of ultrasound. Second generation contrast media, characterized by harmonic responses at low mechanical index of the ultrasound beam, have already proven usefulness in the study of the liver but other abdominal organs can take advantage from the dynamic study during continuous ultrasonographic scans. The dynamic observation of the enhancement allows the perfect evaluation of the abdominal organs perfusion. The perfusion of the pancreas is well correlated to the semeiology of the gland parenchymography at CEUS. The study of the pancreas is a new and promising application of CEUS. CEUS can be used to better identify pancreatic lesions respect to conventional Ultrasound (US) or to characterize pancreatic lesions already visible at US. Moreover the staging of some pancreatic lesions can be improved by the use of contrast media. This article will review the clinical application of CEUS in the different pancreatic pathologies.

Keywords

Contrast-enhanced ultrasound Mass-forming pancreatitis Pancreatic tumors Pancreatic pseudocyst Pancreatic metastates 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. D’Onofrio
    • 1
  • G. Zamboni
    • 1
  • N. Faccioli
    • 1
  • P. Capelli
    • 2
  • R. Pozzi Mucelli
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of RadiologyG.B. Rossi Hospital, University of VeronaVeronaItaly
  2. 2.Department of PathologyG.B. Rossi Hospital, University of VeronaVeronaItaly

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