Abdominal Imaging

, Volume 31, Issue 6, pp 660–667

Lymphotrophic nanoparticle enhanced MR imaging (LNMRI) for lymph node imaging



Nodal staging is an integral part of the pretreatment staging of any patient with malignancy and has therapeutic and prognostic implications. Currently used imaging techniques used for nodal evaluation are limited in accuracy because they rely on size criteria for the detection of metastases. This has led to the emergence of lymphotropic nanoparticle enhanced magnetic resonance imaging as a promising tool for nodal characterization. This article reviews the properties of lymphotropic iron oxide nanoparticles and the technique, image interpretation, and initial clinical experience with lymphotropic nanoparticle enhanced magnetic resonance imaging.


Nodes Staging Iron oxide Magnetic resonance imaging 

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Center of Molecular Imaging and Research, Massachusetts General HospitalBostonUSA
  2. 2.Department of Radiology, Division of Abdominal Imaging and InterventionMassachusetts General HospitalBostonUSA

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