CT virtual intravascular endoscopy of abdominal aortic aneurysms treated with suprarenal endovascular stent grafting
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Background: We investigated the clinical applications of virtual intravascular endoscopy (VIE) in patients with abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) treated by endovascular stent grafting with a suprarenal component.
Methods: Thirty-four patients with AAA undergoing endovascular stent grafting were included in the study (28 male, six female; mean age = 76 years). Helical computed tomography (CT) scanning was performed within 1 week after stent graft implantation. All patients received a Zenith/AAA endovascular graft with uncovered suprarenal struts 2.5 cm long placed around the level of the renal arteries. VIE images were created for each patient. The follow-up periods ranged from 3 to 18 months (mean = 8.3 ± 3.7 months).
Results: Three of 34 celiac arteries, 22 of 34 superior mesenteric arteries, 32 of 34 right renal arteries, and 30 of 35 left renal arteries were affected by the suprarenal stent struts (wires) to different extents. VIE was able to demonstrate the struts, arterial ostia, and the strut/ostia configuration. Follow-up CT showed that all of these aortic branches were patent.
Conclusion: Our preliminary experience has demonstrated that VIE is a novel imaging technique to visualize the three-dimensional intralumenal relationship of the aortic stent struts to the arterial ostia in patients with AAA after suprarenal stent graft placement.
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