Selective internal radiation therapy compared with sorafenib for hepatocellular carcinoma with portal vein thrombosis

  • Julien EdelineEmail author
  • Laurence Crouzet
  • Boris Campillo-Gimenez
  • Yan Rolland
  • Marc Pracht
  • Anne Guillygomarc’h
  • Karim Boudjema
  • Laurence Lenoir
  • Xavier Adhoute
  • Tanguy Rohou
  • Eveline Boucher
  • Bruno Clément
  • Jean-Frédéric Blanc
  • Etienne Garin
Original Article



Tumoural portal vein thrombosis (PVT) is a major prognostic factor in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The efficacy of sorafenib, the only treatment approved at an advanced stage, is limited. Based on previous data, selective internal radiation therapy (SIRT), or 90Y radioembolization, seems an interesting option. We aimed to compare both treatments in this population.


We retrospectively compared patients treated in two centres for HCC with tumoural PVT. We compared overall survival (OS) between patients treated with SIRT and patients treated with sorafenib. Analyses were performed before and after 1:1 matching with a propensity score for controlling indication bias, using a Cox proportional hazards model.


A total of 151 patients were analysed, 34 patients treated with SIRT and 117 patients treated with sorafenib only. In the whole population, SIRT was associated with a higher median OS as compared with sorafenib: 18.8 vs 6.5 months (log-rank p < 0.001). There was an imbalance of baseline characteristics between patients treated by SIRT and sorafenib, which justified patient matching with use of a propensity score: 24 patients treated with SIRT could be matched with 24 patients treated with sorafenib. OS was estimated with a median of 26.2 vs 8.7 months in patients treated with SIRT vs sorafenib, respectively (log-rank p = 0.054). Before and after patient matching, the adjusted hazard ratio related to treatment by SIRT was estimated at 0.62 [95 % confidence interval (CI) 0.39–0.97] (p = 0.037) and 0.40 (95 % CI 0.19–0.82) (p = 0.013), respectively.


SIRT seems more effective than sorafenib in patients presenting with HCC and tumoural PVT. This hypothesis is being tested in prospective randomized trials.


Radioembolization Vascular invasion Targeted therapy Liver-directed therapy Intra-arterial treatment Boosted SIRT 



This work was supported in part by a grant from the French National Agency for Research called “Investissements d’Avenir” n°ANR-11-LABX-0018-01.

Conflicts of interest

Etienne Garin is a consultant for BTG, manufacturer of glass microspheres. Xavier Adhoute and Jean-Frédéric Blanc participated in boards for Bayer, who produce sorafenib. The other authors have no potential conflicts of interest.

Ethical approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Declaration of Helsinki and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards. For this type of study formal consent is not required.

Supplementary material

259_2015_3210_MOESM1_ESM.docx (25 kb)
Supplementary Table 1 Characteristics of the patients matched using the propensity score (DOCX 24 kb)
259_2015_3210_MOESM2_ESM.docx (25 kb)
Supplementary Table 2 Univariable and multivariable Cox proportional hazard model analysis for overall survival after matching (n = 48). (DOCX 24 kb)
259_2015_3210_Fig4_ESM.gif (20 kb)
Supplementary Figure 1

A Flowchart of the patient selection from the whole cohort to the 1:1 matching sample; B Distribution of the propensity score before matching (n = 113) and after matching (n = 48) (GIF 20 kb)

259_2015_3210_MOESM3_ESM.tif (15 mb)
High Resolution Image (TIFF 15311 kb)
259_2015_3210_Fig5_ESM.gif (49 kb)
Supplementary Figure 2

Time-varying hazard ratio for 90Y-radioembolization before matching (A) and after matching (B) (GIF 48 kb)

259_2015_3210_MOESM4_ESM.tif (27.9 mb)
High Resolution Image (TIFF 28546 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Julien Edeline
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Laurence Crouzet
    • 1
  • Boris Campillo-Gimenez
    • 3
  • Yan Rolland
    • 4
  • Marc Pracht
    • 1
  • Anne Guillygomarc’h
    • 5
  • Karim Boudjema
    • 6
  • Laurence Lenoir
    • 7
  • Xavier Adhoute
    • 8
  • Tanguy Rohou
    • 4
  • Eveline Boucher
    • 1
  • Bruno Clément
    • 2
  • Jean-Frédéric Blanc
    • 9
  • Etienne Garin
    • 2
    • 7
  1. 1.Medical Oncology DepartmentCentre Eugene MarquisRennesFrance
  2. 2.Inserm UMR991RennesFrance
  3. 3.Clinical Research DepartmentCentre Eugene MarquisRennesFrance
  4. 4.Imaging DepartmentCentre Eugene MarquisRennesFrance
  5. 5.Hepatology DepartmentCHU PontchaillouRennesFrance
  6. 6.Hepatobiliary SurgeryCHU PontchaillouRennesFrance
  7. 7.Nuclear Medicine DepartmentCentre Eugene MarquisRennesFrance
  8. 8.Hepato-Gastroenterology DepartmentHôpital Saint-JosephMarseilleFrance
  9. 9.Hepato-Gastroenterology DepartmentHôpital Saint-AndréBordeauxFrance

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