Assessment of aortitis by semiquantitative analysis of 180-min 18F-FDG PET/CT acquisition images
- 475 Downloads
The aim of this study was to evaluate the contribution of semiquantitative analysis of 180-min 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography (PET)/CT images for the assessment of aortitis in cases of suspected large vessel vasculitis (LVV) and to establish a threshold index for application in the clinical setting.
This prospective study included 43 patients (mean age 67.5 ± 12.9 years) with suspicion of LVV (25 with a final diagnosis of aortitis). 18F-FDG PET/CT scan was acquired 180 min after injection of 7 MBq/kg of 18F-FDG. A semiquantitative analysis was performed calculating the aortic wall maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax) (T), the lumen SUVmax (B) and the target to background ratio (TBR). These results were also compared with those obtained in a control population.
The mean aortic wall SUVmax was 2.00 ± 0.62 for patients with aortitis and 1.45 ± 0.31 for patients without aortitis (p < 0.0001). The TBR was 1.66 ± 0.26 for patients with aortitis and 1.24 ± 0.08 for patients without aortitis (p < 0.0001). The differences were also statistically significant when the patients with aortitis and controls were compared. Receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) analysis revealed that the area under the curve was greater for the TBR than for the aortic wall SUVmax (0.997 vs 0.871). The highest sensitivity and specificity was obtained for a TBR of 1.34 (sensitivity 100 %, specificity 94.4 %).
Semiquantitative analysis of PET/CT images acquired 180 min after 18F-FDG injection and the TBR index of 1.34 show very high accuracy and, therefore, are strongly recommended for the diagnosis of aortitis in the clinical setting.
KeywordsAortitis Large vessel vasculitis Giant cell arteritis 18F-FDG PET/CT Positron emission tomography
Conflicts of interest
- 7.Nuenninghoff DM, Hunder GG, Christianson TJ, McClelland RL, Matteson EL. Incidence and predictors of large-artery complication (aortic aneurysm, aortic dissection, and/or large-artery stenosis) in patients with giant cell arteritis: a population-based study over 50 years. Arthritis Rheum 2003;48:3522–31.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
- 12.Papathanasiou ND, Du Y, Menezes LJ, Almuhaideb A, Shastry M, Beynon H, et al. 18F-Fludeoxyglucose PET/CT in the evaluation of large-vessel vasculitis: diagnostic performance and correlation with clinical and laboratory parameters. Br J Radiol 2012;85:e188–94.PubMedCentralPubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
- 14.Martínez-Rodríguez I, Del Castillo-Matos R, Quirce R, Banzo I, Jiménez-Bonilla J, Martínez-Amador N, et al. Aortic 18F-FDG PET/CT uptake pattern at 60 min (early) and 180 min (delayed) acquisition in a control population: a visual and semiquantitative comparative analysis. Nucl Med Commun 2013;34:926–30.PubMedGoogle Scholar