In vivo imaging of astrocytosis in Alzheimer’s disease: an 11C-L-deuteriodeprenyl and PIB PET study

  • Alexander Frizell Santillo
  • Juan Pablo Gambini
  • Lars Lannfelt
  • Bengt Långström
  • Luohija Ulla-Marja
  • Lena Kilander
  • Henry Engler
Original Article



Astrocytosis is an important feature of the neuropathology of Alzheimer’s disease (AD), yet there is currently no way of detecting this phenomenon in vivo.


In this study we examine the retention of the positron emission tomography (PET) tracer 11C-L-deuteriodeprenyl (DED), thought to bind activated astrocytes, in 9 patients with moderate to severe AD compared with 11 healthy controls. As a measure of amyloid load, 11C-labelled Pittsburgh Compound B (PIB) retention was determined.


Results show a significantly higher 11C-L-DED retention in the frontal (35.1% increase, p = 0.001), parietal (35.2%, p = 0.001), temporal (30.9%, p = 0.0001) and medial temporal lobes (22.3%, p = 0.001) in AD compared to healthy controls after blood flow correction. DED retention in the sensorimotor and occipital cortices, and in white matter and subcortical structures, did not differ between groups. There was a moderate but statistically significant (r = 0.492, p = 0.01) correlation between DED and PIB retention values.


Our conclusion is that DED may serve as an in vivo marker for astrocytosis in AD, providing a window into intermediate processes between amyloidosis and neuronal loss and a means of monitoring immunotherapy.


11C-L-deuteriodeprenyl Pittsburgh Compound B Astrocytosis Alzheimer’s disease Positron emission tomography 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alexander Frizell Santillo
    • 1
    • 2
  • Juan Pablo Gambini
    • 3
    • 7
  • Lars Lannfelt
    • 2
  • Bengt Långström
    • 4
  • Luohija Ulla-Marja
    • 5
    • 6
  • Lena Kilander
    • 2
  • Henry Engler
    • 3
    • 7
  1. 1.Geriatric Psychiatry, Department of Clinical MedicineLund UniversityLundSweden
  2. 2.Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences/GeriatricsUppsala UniversityUppsalaSweden
  3. 3.Faculty of Medicine and Faculty of ScienceUniversity of the RepublicMontevideoUruguay
  4. 4.Departments of Biochemistry and Organic ChemistryUppsala UniversityUppsalaSweden
  5. 5.Helsinki University HospitalHelsinkiFinland
  6. 6.Department of Medical Sciences, Clinical PhysiologyUppsala UniversityUppsalaSweden
  7. 7.Uruguayan Centre of Molecular Imaging (CUDIM)MontevideoUruguay

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