Skeletal Radiology

, Volume 48, Issue 5, pp 765–771 | Cite as

Aneurysmal bone cyst treated with percutaneous doxycycline: is a single treatment sufficient?

  • Jason T. K. Woon
  • Damien Hoon
  • Andrew Graydon
  • Mike Flint
  • Anthony J. DoyleEmail author
Scientific Article



The purpose of this case series is to report on the effectiveness of a single percutaneous injection of doxycycline as a primary treatment for aneurysmal bone cyst (ABC).

Materials and methods

A retrospective cohort study was conducted on seven patients diagnosed with ABC at various anatomical sites, with the intention to treat by a single percutaneous injection of doxycycline. Mean patient age was 14 years.


Signs of treatment response were seen in six of seven patients after one injection. Three of the seven received a second treatment, despite signs of response. Another had expansion of the lesion after treatment, requiring excision. In total, three patients had a single injection of doxycycline as their sole treatment and another three showed signs of response after a single injection.


A single percutaneous injection of doxycycline should be considered a viable primary treatment option for ABC.


Neoplasms Tumor Bone cysts Aneurysmal Treatment Doxycycline Intervention CT guidance 


Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest.


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Copyright information

© ISS 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Anatomy and Medical ImagingUniversity of AucklandAucklandNew Zealand
  2. 2.Department of RadiologyAuckland City Hospital, Auckland District Health BoardAucklandNew Zealand
  3. 3.Radiology DepartmentMiddlemore HospitalAucklandNew Zealand
  4. 4.Orthopaedic DepartmentStarship Childrens HospitalAucklandNew Zealand
  5. 5.Orthopaedic DepartmentMiddlemore HospitalAucklandNew Zealand

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