Mutational analysis of high-grade spindle cell sarcoma of the femur in Mazabraud’s syndrome
Mazabraud’s syndrome is a rare disorder characterised by the association of fibrous dysplasia with intramuscular myxomas. We present a 36-year-old woman with right anterior knee pain and a buttock mass. Imaging showed aggressive bone destruction within an area of fibrous dysplasia in the right femur and a mass with myxoid signal characteristics in the right adductor region. Biopsy of the femur revealed both fibrous dysplasia and a high-grade spindle cell sarcoma. Biopsy of the adductor mass confirmed a soft-tissue myxoma. Molecular genetic analysis revealed an identical R201H substitution in the GNAS1 gene in the sarcoma, the myxoma, and also the conventional fibrous dysplasia.
KeywordsFibrous dysplasia Mazabraud’s syndrome Myxoma High-grade spindle cell sarcoma GNAS1 gene
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