Skeletal Radiology

, Volume 46, Issue 4, pp 523–531 | Cite as

Sex- and age-specific differences in femoral head coverage and acetabular morphology among healthy subjects—derivation of normal ranges and thresholds for abnormality

  • Dai MiyasakaEmail author
  • Yoshinori Sakai
  • Shinya Ibuchi
  • Hayato Suzuki
  • Norio Imai
  • Naoto Endo
Scientific Article



We aimed to clarify sex- and age-specific differences in three-dimensional and anatomic characteristics of femoral head coverage and acetabular morphology in healthy subjects.

Materials and Methods

The study included 120 healthy subjects (57 male, 63 female), stratified into groups according to age and sex. We used computed tomography data to measure various anatomic alignment parameters describing femoral head coverage and acetabular morphology.


The lateral sector angle in the coronal plane, anterior sector angle in the sagittal plane, and posterior sector angles in the axial plane, which characterize femoral head coverage, did not differ significantly between males and females. However, the Sharp angle in the coronal plane and acetabular anteversion in both the sagittal and axial planes were significantly larger in females than in males. Overall, the age-specific trends were similar between male and female subjects. Specifically, for both males and females, the values for parameters of femoral head coverage were significantly lower in younger subjects (<50 years) than in older subjects (≥50 years); the only exception was the posterior sector angle among females; regarding acetabular morphology, younger subjects showed significantly higher values for the acetabular roof obliquity and Sharp angle, but no difference between younger and older subjects was noted regarding acetabular anteversion in the sagittal or axial plane.


Our data regarding sex- and age-specific differences and estimated normal ranges for parameters characterizing femoral head coverage and acetabular morphology among healthy subjects can be used to predict normal hip morphology.


Hip Femoral head coverage Acetabular morphology Healthy Normal range 



We thank Izumi Minato, MD, PhD (Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Niigata Rinko Hospital), and Yoichiro Dohmae, MD, PhD (Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Niigata Banndai Hospital), for invaluable advice for this study.

Compliance with ethical standards

Ethical approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of our institutional and with the 1964 Helsinki Declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Informed consent

Informed consent for undergoing the CT procedures was obtained from each subject. The requirement for informed consent for participation in the study was waived because of the retrospective nature of the study.

Conflicts of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest.


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Copyright information

© ISS 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dai Miyasaka
    • 1
    Email author
  • Yoshinori Sakai
    • 1
  • Shinya Ibuchi
    • 1
  • Hayato Suzuki
    • 1
  • Norio Imai
    • 1
    • 2
  • Naoto Endo
    • 1
  1. 1.Division of Orthopedic Surgery, Department of Regenerative and Transplant MedicineNiigata University Graduate School of Medical and Dental ScienceNiigata CityJapan
  2. 2.Department of Comprehensive Geriatrics in CommunityNiigata University Graduate School of Medical and Dental ScienceNiigataJapan

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